Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ("HCM") is a disease of the myocardium (the muscle of the heart) in which a portion of the myocardium is hypertrophied (thickened) without any obvious cause. It is perhaps best known as a leading cause of sudden cardiac death in young athletes. The occurrence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a significant cause of sudden unexpected cardiac death in any age group and as a cause of disabling cardiac symptoms. Younger people are likely to have a more severe form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

HCM is frequently asymptomatic until sudden cardiac death, and for this reason some suggest routinely screening certain populations for this disease.

A cardiomyopathy is a primary disease that affects the muscle of the heart. With HCM, the sarcomeres (contractile elements) in the heart increase in size, which results in the thickening of the heart muscle. In addition, the normal alignment of muscle cells is disrupted, a phenomenon known as myocardial disarray. HCM also causes disruptions of the electrical functions of the heart. HCM is most commonly due to a mutation in one of 9 sarcomeric genes that results in a mutated protein in the sarcomere, the primary component of the myocyte (the muscle cell of the heart).

While most literature so far focuses on European, American, and Japanese populations, HCM appears in all racial groups. The prevalence of HCM is about 0.2% to 0.5% of the general population.

Read more about Hypertrophic CardiomyopathySigns and Symptoms, Genetics, Pathophysiology, Screening, Diagnosis, In Children, In Other Animals

Other articles related to "hypertrophic cardiomyopathy":

Mitral Valve Prolapse - Signs and Symptoms - Murmur
... heart murmur that follows this pattern is the murmur of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ... A MVP murmur can be distinguished from a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy murmur by 1) the presence of a mid-systolic click which is virtually diagnostic of MVP, and 2) the fact that ...
Ragdoll - Health - Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
... Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common heart disease in all cats, and is most commonly genetic in cause ...
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy - In Other Animals
... Feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common heart disease in cats the disease process and genetics are believed to be similar to the disease in humans ... mutation (in cardiac myosin binding protein C) responsible for feline hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was discovered in 2005 in Maine Coon cats ... Some Maine Coon cats with clinical evidence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy test negative for this mutation, strongly suggesting that a second mutation exists in the breed ...