Hyder Ali

Hyder Ali (Urdu: سلطان حيدر علی خان ‎, Kannada: ಹೈದರಾಲಿ, Haidarālī; Hindi: हैदर अली, Haidar Alī; c. 1720 – 7 December 1782, 2 Muharram 1197 in the Islamic calendar) was the de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India. Born Hyder Naik, he distinguished himself militarily, eventually drawing the attention of Mysore's rulers. Rising to the post of dalwai, or commander-in-chief to Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, he came to dominate the titular monarch and the Mysore government, and eventually seized control of all of the reins of power. He expanded the kingdom's borders at the expense of the Maratha Empire and Nizam of Hyderabad (among others), and was one of the few local rulers to effectively blunt the military advances of the British East India Company during two wars. In the First and Second Anglo-Mysore Wars he came within striking distance of the British outpost at Madras. He was given a number of honorific titles, and was referred to as Sultan Hyder Ali Khan or Hyder Ali Sahib.

Hyder's rule of Mysore was characterised by frequent warfare with his neighbours and rebellion within his territories. This was not unusual for the time, as much of the Indian subcontinent was then in turmoil, with the Hindu Maratha Confederacy struggling with the remnants of the Muslim Mughal Empire. He was a shrewd leader, and left his son Tipu Sultan a kingdom that was significantly larger than when he first took it over. He organised his military in part along European lines, and was a pioneer in the military use of rocket artillery. He had at least two wives, and fathered at least three children.

Read more about Hyder AliEarly Life, Rise To Power, Ruler of Mysore, Expansion and Relationship With The Mangalorean Catholics, First War With The Marathas, First Anglo-Mysore War, Arab, Persian and Turkish Relations, Second War With The Marathas, Death, Military Rocket Innovations, Family

Other articles related to "hyder ali, hyder, ali":

Tondaiman - Chola Empire - Pudukkottai Tondaman Dynasty
... Tondaiman, helped Nawab of Arcot against Hyder Ali (ruler of the Mysore Kingdom) and was loyal to the British government ... When Hyder Ali’s army tried to enter Pudukkottai, the Tondaiman army drove Hyder’s army away ... were menaced during that period by a resurgent Mysore ruled by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan ...
Madakari Nayaka
... Nayaka lost Chitradurga in a siege of Mysore by Hyder Ali, and was slain by Ali's son Tipu Sultan ... of Chitradurga was besieged by the troops of Hyder Ali ... Hyder Ali spotted a woman entering Chitradurga through a gap (kindi) in the rocks and sent his soldiers through it ...
Thondaman Dynasty
... Vijaya Reghunatha Raya Thondaiman he helped Arcot Nawab against Hyder Ali the ruler of Mysore ... After some time, when Hyder Ali’s army tried to enter into Pudukkottai, the Thondaiman’s army defeated them and drove Hyder’s army away ... the Thondaimans were much menaced in that period by a resurgent Mysore ruled by Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan ...
Hyder Ali - Family
... Details are sketchy on Hyder's personal life ... Biographer Lewin Bowring describes him as "a man of the loosest morals, never spared anyone of the sex who had the misfortune to attract his attention." He had at least two wives ...
Captivity Of Mangalorean Catholics At Seringapatam - Under The Wodeyar Rajas and Hyder Ali
... Hyder Ali, born in 1721 or 1722 at Budikote in the northern part of Mysore State, joined the Mysorean Army and distinguished himself in the 1749 Siege of Devanahalli ... Hyder Ali rapidly rose to power at the Mysore court and soon became prime minister and general of the king ... Historian Severine Silva states, "the general relations between Hyder and Christians form a chapter which has been entirely lost." Hyder was close friends with two Goan Catholic priests ...

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