Hongwu Emperor

The Hongwu Emperor (Chinese: 洪武帝, Hóngwǔdì; 21 October 1328 – 24 June 1398), also known by his given name Zhu Yuanzhang (朱元璋) and his temple name Ming Taizu (明太祖, "Great Ancestor of the Ming"), was the founder and first emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China. His era name Hongwu means "vastly martial".

In the middle of the 14th century, with famine, plagues, and peasant revolts sweeping across China, Zhu rose to command over the army that conquered China and ended the Yuan Dynasty, forcing the Mongols to retreat to the central Asian steppe. Following his seizure of the Yuan capital Khanbaliq (modern Beijing), Zhu claimed the Mandate of Heaven and established the Ming Dynasty in 1368. Trusting only in his family, he created his many sons as powerful feudal princes along the northern marches and the Yangtze valley. Having outlived his first successor, the Hongwu Emperor enthroned his grandson via a series of instructions; this ended in failure when the Jianwen Emperor's attempt to unseat his uncles led to the Yongle Emperor's successful rebellion.

Most of the historical sites related to Zhu Yuanzhang are located in Nanjing, the original capital of his dynasty.

Read more about Hongwu EmperorEarly Life, Red Turban Rebellion, Warlord State, Death

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Jinyi Wei - History
... After Zhu founded the Ming Dynasty and became the Hongwu Emperor, he doubted his subjects' loyalties towards him and was constantly on guard against possible rebellions and assassinations ... One of the early duties of the Jinyi Wei was to help the emperor spy on his subjects ... The Hongwu Emperor increased the Jinyi Wei's duties later, allowing them to inspect his officials at work in the capital city, before formally establishing the organization in 1382, with about 500 ...
Ming Palace, Nanjing - History
... Zhu Yuanzhang, who became the founder and first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, began building a palace in what was then known as Jiankang in 1367 ... and was completed by 1368, when Zhu proclaimed the Ming Dynasty with himself as the first emperor (known as the Hongwu Emperor) and Jiankang, now Yingtian, as the "southern capital", or "Nanjing", of ... For the next few years, few changes were made to the palace in Nanjing as the Emperor focused on building the "middle capital", located in his home town, Fengyang ...
Lan Yu (general) - Biography
... another Muslim general under the rebel leader Zhu Yuanzhang (later the Hongwu Emperor of the Ming) ... dan (石) of grain and a shiquan (世券), a type of plaque granted by the emperor to officials in recognition of their contributions ... In 1387, Nahachu (納哈出) of the Northern Yuan invaded Liaodong and the Hongwu Emperor sent Feng Sheng, with Lan Yu and Fu Youde as his right and left deputies respectively, along ...
Hongwu Emperor - Death
... The Hongwu Emperor died on 24 June 1398 after reigning for 30 years at the age of 69 ... The Hongzhi Emperor and Jiaji ...

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