History Of South Shields
The first settlers of the South Shields were the Brigantes, although there is no evidence they built at settlement at South Shields. The Romans built a fort there to help supply Hadrian's Wall. Many ruins still exist today. The fort was abandoned as the empire declined.
In the 6th century, northeast England became a centre of educations as part of the Kingdom of Northumbria. The Vikings raided the area in the 9th century, establishing settlements and controlling most of northern England.
The town was founded in 1245, and developed as a fishing port. Salt-panning became began in 1499. During the Civil War, parliament's Scottish allies captured the town, leading the royalists to flee south, leading to the Battle of Boldon Hill.
In the Victorian era, coal mining led to a boom in the town, increasing from 12,000 in 1801 to 75,000 by the 1860s. The rapid growth made sanitation a problem. In the 1850s, shipbuilding became a prominent industry.
Zeppelin airships attacked the town in World War I, and Nazi air raids caused damage and death in World War II. Throughout the 20th century, industry declined and services and tourism played an increasing role in the economy.
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... The 45th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 45 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane ... halfway point between the equator and the South Pole ... The true halfway point is 16.2 kilometres (10.1 mi) south of this parallel because the Earth is not a perfect sphere but bulges at the equator and is flattened at ...
... The first 4-4-0s appeared in South Australia in 1859. 1,981 millimetres) driving wheels, worked in Victoria, New South Wales, Western Australia and Tasmania on 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge, 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) Standard gauge ... in Gawler, South Australia, and the Phoenix Foundry in Ballarat, Victoria ...
... divided equally between the North and the South (modern-day Belgium), although the population of the North (2 million) was significantly less than that of the South (3.5 million) ... The constitution was accepted in the North, but not in the South ... The under-representation of the South was one of the causes of the Belgian Revolution ...
... which by this time owned all of the collieries in South Shields and the surrounding area, as well as the Marsden limestone quarries) embarked on a scheme to ... The impressive South Shields Town Hall of 1910 bears a copper weather vane in the form of a galleon ... the lifeboat and the associated motto - Always Ready - which was later adopted as the motto of South Tyneside ...
... The British 48th (South Midland) Division was a Territorial Force division ... Originally called the 'South Midland Division', it was redesignated as the 48th Division in 1915 ... During the Second World War it was named the 48th (South Midland) Infantry Division ...
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