High-speed Rail

High-speed rail (HSR) is a type of passenger rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic. As of 2012 the maximum commercial speed was about 300 km/h (185 mph) for the majority of installed systems (China, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, UK), 310 km/h (195 mph) in Spain and 320 km/h (200 mph) in France. The Shanghai Maglev Train reaches 431 km/h (268 mph).

High-speed trains travel at their maximum speed on specific tracks, almost all using conventional tracks, generally using standard gauge (except in countries like Russia, Finland and Mongolia, which continue to use Russian gauge), whilst avoiding at-grade crossings and minimizing curvature of the right-of-way.

The world speed record for conventional high-speed rail is held by the V150, a specially configured and heavily-modified version of Alstom's TGV which clocked 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) on a test run. The world speed record for Maglev is held by the Japanese experimental MLX01: 581 km/h (361 mph).

While high-speed rail is usually designed for passenger travel, some high-speed systems also offer freight service. For instance, the French mail service La Poste owns a few special TGV trains for carrying postal freight.

Read more about High-speed RailDefinitions, Rationale, Technology, Maximum Speed, Existing Operations, Major Markets, Chronology

Other articles related to "rail":

High-speed Rail - Chronology
... Speed record Increase commercial speed High-speed related disaster Date Country SR MS Event 1804 UK 8 km/h - The world's first railway steam locomotive runs at 8 km/h (5 mph. 1969 Italy - - The construction work of the first European high-speed line, the Direttissima, begins between Roma and Florence ... This will be a key for future electric high-speed rail ...
Bergensbanen - Future Propositions - High-speed Rail
... Several suggestions for high-speed rail from Oslo to Bergen have been launched ... Preliminary studied performed for the National Rail Administration with positive cost-benefit ratios on building high-speed rail from Oslo to Bergen ... The one involves a "high-speed ring" from Oslo, via Numedal to Geilo, then following Bergensbanen to Bergen and continuing south to Stavanger and back to Oslo via Kristiansand ...
Bohai Economic Rim - Transport - Rail - High-speed Rail
... Also under construction is the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway, which will connect the Bohai Economic Rim to the Yangtze River Delta ...
Sydney–Melbourne Rail Corridor - High-speed Rail
... High-speed rail in Australia does not yet exist, but there are proposals for high-speed rail infrastructure in Australia (also known as very fast train projects) - several proposals have been investigated since the ...

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