Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Johan Ibsen (; 20 March 1828 – 23 May 1906) was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of realism" and is one of the founders of Modernism in the theatre. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, Rosmersholm, and The Master Builder.

Several of his plays were considered scandalous to many of his era, when European theatre was required to model strict morals of family life and propriety. Ibsen's work examined the realities that lay behind many façades, revealing much that was disquieting to many contemporaries. It utilized a critical eye and free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality. The poetic and cinematic play Peer Gynt, however, has strong surreal elements.

Ibsen is often ranked as one of the truly great playwrights in the European tradition. Richard Hornby describes him as "a profound poetic dramatist—the best since Shakespeare". He influenced other playwrights and novelists such as George Bernard Shaw, Oscar Wilde, Arthur Miller, James Joyce, and Eugene O'Neill. His works also influenced the burgeoning feminist movement in the United States through a number of his female characters, the most famous example being Nora in “A Doll’s House.” He portrayed a “violent death and rebirth” for women, showing an alternate course that their lives could take if they stepped away from the roles the current society expected them to fill.

Ibsen wrote his plays in Danish (the common written language of Denmark and Norway) and they were published by the Danish publisher Gyldendal. Although most of his plays are set in Norway—often in places reminiscent of Skien, the port town where he grew up—Ibsen lived for 27 years in Italy and Germany, and rarely visited Norway during his most productive years. Born into a merchant family connected to the patriciate of Skien, his dramas were shaped by his family background. He was the father of Prime Minister Sigurd Ibsen.

Read more about Henrik Ibsen:  Family and Youth, Life and Writings, Death, Ancestry, Descendants, Works, Adaptations, Legacy, Honours

Other articles related to "henrik ibsen, ibsen":

Telemark Museum - Henrik Ibsen Museum
... Henrik Ibsen Museum is on the site of the Venstøp farm in Gjerpen, 5 km from the center of Skien ... In 1835 the Ibsen family moved out to Venstøp and stayed there for 7 years ... This is where playwright Henrik Ibsen lived starting when he was 7 until he was 15 years old ...
Margo Jones - Stage Productions
... Inge Theatre '47, Dallas, Texas Hedda Gabler Henrik Ibsen How Now Hecate Martyn Coleman Summer and Smoke Tennessee Williams Theatre '47, Dallas, Texas Music Box Theatre, New York Third Cousin ...
David Rudkin - Works - Translations
... Tydeman (1984) with Siân Phillips as Phaedra Peer Gynt by Henrik Ibsen, RSC (1983) Deathwatch by Jean Genet, RSC at The Pit (1987) The Maids by Jean Genet, RSC at The Pit, (1987) revived at the Donmar ...
Henrik Ibsen - Honours
... Ibsen received many honours during his life and after, such as the Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St ... In 1995, the asteroid (5696) Ibsen was named in his memory ...
Christian Cornelius Paus
... he was the son of ship-owner Ole Paus and Johanne Plesner (in her first marriage married Ibsen), and was the uncle of playwright Henrik Ibsen ... He was both the half brother of Henrik Ibsen's father, Knud Ibsen, and the first cousin of Henrik Ibsen's mother, Marichen Altenburg ...

Famous quotes by henrik ibsen:

    The spirit of truth and the spirit of freedom—these are the pillars of society.
    Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906)

    Don’t use that foreign word ‘ideals.’ We have that excellent native word ‘lies.’
    Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906)

    Our home has been nothing but a play-room. I’ve been your doll-wife here, just as at home I was Papa’s doll-child. And the children have been my dolls in their turn. I liked it when you came and played with me, just as they liked it when I came and played with them. That’s what our marriage has been, Torvald.
    Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906)

    Your home is regarded as a model home, your life as a model life. But all this splendor, and you along with it ... it’s just as though it were built upon a shifting quagmire. A moment may come, a word can be spoken, and both you and all this splendor will collapse.
    Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906)

    The majority is never right. Never, I tell you! That’s one of these lies in society that no free and intelligent man can help rebelling against. Who are the people that make up the biggest proportion of the population—the intelligent ones or the fools? I think we can agree it’s the fools, no matter where you go in this world, it’s the fools that form the overwhelming majority.
    Henrik Ibsen (1828–1906)