In North America harness races are restricted to Standardbred horses, although European racehorses often have French or Russian lineages (such as the Orlov trotter). Light cold-blooded horses (such as Dole Gudbrandsdal horses, North Swedish Horses and Finnhorses) race separately in Scandinavia.
Standardbreds are so named because in the early years of the Standardbred stud book, only horses who could trot or pace a mile in a standard time (or whose progeny could do so) were admitted to the book. They have proportionally shorter legs than Thoroughbreds, and longer bodies. Standardbreds generally have a more placid disposition (suitable for a horse whose races involve more strategy and re-acceleration than do Thoroughbred races), due to the admixture of non-Thoroughbred blood in the breed.
The founding sire of today's Standardbred horse was Messenger, a gray Thoroughbred brought to America in 1788 and purchased by Henry Astor, brother of John Jacob Astor. From Messenger came a great-grandson, Hambletonian 10 (1849–1876), who gained a wide following for his racing prowess. However, it is his breed line for which he is most remembered. The lineage of virtually all North American Standardbred race horses can be traced from Hambletonian 10's four sons.
Read more about this topic: Harness Racing
Other articles related to "breeds, breed":
... Nagah (2001 / ISBN 1-56504-348-0) Player's Guide to the Changing Breeds (2003) The Nagah are "were-Snakes" that originated in India ... Most of the other changing breeds believe them to be extinct, however the Mokolé and the Hengeyokai (Beast Courts) are aware of their existence ... of silent and hidden judges and executioners for the Changing Breeds ...
... Mongrels dogs can be divided roughly into types Mixes that show characteristics of two or more breeds ... or might come from a long line of mixed-breeds ... These dogs are usually identified by the breed they most resemble, such as a "Lab mix" or "Collie-Shepherd", even if their ancestry is unknown ...
... The Altenburger Trumpeter is a breed of fancy pigeon developed over many years of selective breeding ... Altenburger Trumpeters along with other breeds of domesticated pigeons are all descendants from the Rock Pigeon (Columba livia) ... There are several breeds of trumpeter pigeons which are known for their vocal cooing which sounds similar to laughter or trumpeting ...
... Ruby Buckton played by Rebecca Breeds, debuted on-scree on 20 June 2008 ... Breeds stated "Ruby has gone through a lot and had to gain a level of independence I really admire ... passionate about her family." In June 2012, Erin Miller of “TV Week” was reported that Breeds had filmed her final scenes and left Home and Away ...
Famous quotes containing the word breeds:
“A feeble man can see the farms that are fenced and tilled, the houses that are built. The strong man sees the possible houses and farms. His eye makes estates, as fast as the sun breeds clouds.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Fruitless striving breeds less despair than inaction.”
—Mason Cooley (b. 1927)
“There are two kinds of men, and only two, and that young man is one kind. He is high-minded, he is pure, hes the kind of man that the world pretends to look up to, and in fact despises. He is
the kind of man who breeds unhappiness, particularly in women.”
—Robert Bolt (19241995)