Han System - Bakufu

Bakufu

The structures of a han and the Bakufu were principally similar because Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of the bakufu, kept the governmental structure which his ancestors had developed when they were small local daimyo in Mikawa Province. Some daimyo, especially those whose ancestors had served the ancestors of the Shogun, were lords of the han and also bureaucrats of the bakufu. Most of them governed fiefs rated from one to twelve koku. Other daimyo had no permanent office in the bakufu but were appointed to a temporary office.

Each daimyo served the Shogun and received the right of governance from the Shogunate. The heir of each daimyo was recognized in advance by the Shogunate. When a son of blood or an adopted son of a daimyo was determined as the heir of his father, the son went to Chiyoda castle in Edo and met the Shogun for recognition and permission to succeed. If this procedure was ignored, the succession was cancelled by the Shogunate, and a han was abolished in a practice called toritsubushi (scrapping) in Japanese.

Though every daimyo swore loyalty to the Shogun, their relationships varied. Aside from personal factors, the relationship between each han and the bakufu was determined and influenced by the relationship between the founder of the han and the shogunate or the ancestors of the Tokugawa. Roughly there were three classifications: Shinpan (Tokugawa's relatives), Fudai (those who had been friendly to Tokugawa from before Sekigahara) and Tozama (those who were against Tokugawa at the time of Sekigahara). There was another classification by size of domain.

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Other articles related to "bakufu":

Mito Domain - Meiji Restoration
... Restoration, the Mito daimyo as well as the Mito scholars undermined the bakufu through their calls for reform and their direct action ... pro-royal ideology which influenced many of the leading anti-bakufu revolutionaries ... While the Mito scholars never actually called for the overthrow of the bakufu, their emphasis on internal and external threats to Japan impacted the political views of the ...
Hayashi Gakusai - Academician
... figures in the educational training system for the bakufu bureaucrats ... and pragmatic reasoning become a foundation for the dominant ideology of the bakufu until the end of the 19th century ...
Imagawa Sadayo - Sadayo's Early Life
... He had taken religious vows when the Ashikaga Bakufu called upon him to travel to Kyūshū and assume the post of constable of the region in 1370 after the failure of the previous constable to quell the rebel ... By 1374-1375, Sadayo had crushed the rebellion, securing for the Bakufu northern Kyūshū, and ensuring the eventual failure of the rebellion and the consequent success of the Bakufu Shogunate ...
Sakai Tadakatsu - Tokugawa Official
... The "Nambu incident" alarmed Shogun Iemitsu, but the bakufu's protracted responses were mitigated by the three men who were the shogun's most senior counselors (the rōjū) Sakai Tadakatsu, Matsudaira ... relations as a means of establishing the bakufu's domestic legitimacy ... characterization, arguing instead that Japan was genuinely isolated, and that the bakufu's foreign policy was less systematic and far-reaching than scholars have recently claimed ...