Gum Arabic

Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, chaar gund, char goond, or meska, is a natural gum made of hardened sap taken from two species of the acacia tree; Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal. The gum is harvested commercially from wild trees throughout the Sahel from Senegal and Sudan to Somalia, although it has been historically cultivated in Arabia and West Asia.

Gum arabic is a complex mixture of glycoproteins and polysaccharides. It was historically the source of the sugars arabinose and ribose, both of which were first discovered and isolated from it, and are named for it.

Gum arabic is used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. It is edible and has E number E414. Gum arabic is a key ingredient in traditional lithography and is used in printing, paint production, glue, cosmetics and various industrial applications, including viscosity control in inks and in textile industries, although less expensive materials compete with it for many of these roles.

While gum arabic is now produced mostly throughout the African Sahel, it is still harvested and used in the Middle East. For example, Arab populations use the natural gum to make a chilled, sweetened, and flavored gelato-like dessert.

Read more about Gum ArabicUsage, Production

Other articles related to "gum arabic, gum":

Gum Arabic - Production - Political Aspects - Sudan
... early 1990s, Sudan accounted for roughly 80% of gum arabic production, today, that figure is under 50% ... Hundreds of thousands of poor Sudanese are dependent on gum arabic for their livelihoods ... It is, however, still the world's largest single producer, and the production of gum arabic is heavily controlled by the Sudanese government ...
Postage Stamps And Postal History Of Pakistan - Postage Stamps - Definitives
... The 1978 series was printed with both gum Arabic and PVA gum, though the PVA issue had only 17 stamps compared to 18 for gum Arabic ... These stamps featured the Minar-e-Pakistan (3) tractors (9 Gum Arabic, 8 Gum PVA) and Makli tombs (6) ...
Colonial Mauritania - Early Relationship With Europe
... combined with the emir's efforts to sell gum arabic to the British, brought a strong French reaction ... concluded that to secure the continuing profitability of the gum arabic trade, they would have to forcibly occupy the northern bank of the Senegal River ... Under orders from the new government of Louis Napoleon to end the coutume, to secure the gum arabic trade, and to protect the sedentary populations of the southern ...
Acacia Senegal
... Acacia senegal is a small deciduous Acacia tree known by the common names Rfaudraksha, Gum Acacia, Gum Arabic Tree, or Gum Senegal Tree ... senegal is the source of the world's highest quality gum arabic, known locally as hashab gum in contrast to the related, but inferior, gum arabic from Red acacia or talh gum ...
Precolonial Mauritania - Early European Involvement
... they were replaced by the Dutch, who were the first to begin exploiting the gum arabic trade ... Brakna and used in textile pattern printing, this gum arabic was considered superior to that previously obtained in Arabia ... the French negotiated with the emir of Trarza to secure a monopoly on the gum arabic trade, the amir in exchange demanded a considerable number of gifts ...

Famous quotes containing the word gum:

    The hunchback on the corner, with gum and shoelaces,
    Has his own wisdom and pleasures,
    Robert Penn Warren (1905–1989)