Greek mythology are myths and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. They were a part of religion in ancient Greece and are part of religion in modern Greece and around the world as Hellenismos. Modern scholars refer to, and study, the myths in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece, its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.
Greek mythology is embodied, explicitly, in a large collection of narratives, and implicitly in Greek representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts. Greek myth attempts to explain the origins of the world, and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and mythological creatures. These accounts initially were disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from Greek literature.
The oldest known Greek literary sources, Homer's epic poems Iliad and Odyssey, focus on events surrounding the Trojan War. Two poems by Homer's near contemporary Hesiod, the Theogony and the Works and Days, contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices. Myths also are preserved in the Homeric Hymns, in fragments of epic poems of the Epic Cycle, in lyric poems, in the works of the tragedians of the fifth century BC, in writings of scholars and poets of the Hellenistic Age and in texts from the time of the Roman Empire by writers such as Plutarch and Pausanias.
Archaeological findings provide a principal source of detail about Greek mythology, with gods and heroes featured prominently in the decoration of many artifacts. Geometric designs on pottery of the eighth century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle as well as the adventures of Heracles. In the succeeding Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear, supplementing the existing literary evidence. Greek mythology has had an extensive influence on the culture, arts, and literature of Western civilization and remains part of Western heritage and language. Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in the themes.
Other articles related to "greek mythology, mythology, greek, greeks":
... (Greek mythology) The Bone of Ullr, the god Ullr had a bone upon which spells were carved ... (Norse mythology) The Clue of Ariadne, the magical ball of string given to Theseus by Ariadne to help him navigate the Labyrinth ... (Greek Mythology) The Cornucopia, or "Horn of Plenty", was the horn of the goat-nymph Amalthea from which poured an unceasing abundance of nectar, ambrosia and fruit ...
... See Greek mythology Greek religion had an extensive mythology ... Many different species existed in Greek mythology ... though the Titans also frequently appeared in Greek myths ...
... ancient history Nebula Xipe - Full name Xipe Totec was, in Aztec mythology, a life-death-rebirth deity, god of agriculture, vegetation, the east, disease, spring, goldsmiths ... was the commander of the Achaeans (Greeks) during the Trojan War ... Baxajuan - In Basque mythology, the basajaun (plural baxajaunak) are a race of large hairy wild men who were megalith builders ...
... For more details on this topic, see Greek mythology in western art and literature ... See also List of films based on Greco-Roman mythology The widespread adoption of Christianity did not curb the popularity of the myths ... Michelangelo, and Raphael, portrayed the Pagan subjects of Greek mythology alongside more conventional Christian themes ...
Famous quotes containing the words mythology and/or greek:
“It is not the literal past that rules us, save, possibly, in a biological sense. It is images of the past.... Each new historical era mirrors itself in the picture and active mythology of its past or of a past borrowed from other cultures. It tests its sense of identity, of regress or new achievement against that past.”
—George Steiner (b. 1929)
“What is the foundation of that interest all men feel in Greek history, letters, art and poetry, in all its periods from the Heroic and Homeric age down to the domestic life of the Athenians and Spartans, four or five centuries later? What but this, that every man passes personally through a Grecian period.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)