Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922)
The Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922, known as the Western Front (Turkish: Batı Cephesi) of the Turkish War of Independence in Turkey and the Asia Minor Campaign (Greek: Μικρασιατική Εκστρατεία) or the Asia Minor Catastrophe (Greek: Μικρασιατική Καταστροφή) in Greece, was a series of military events occurring during the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire after World War I between May 1919 and October 1922. The war was fought between Greece and the Turkish National Movement who would later establish the Republic of Turkey.
The Greek campaign was launched because the western Allies, particularly British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, had promised Greece territorial gains at the expense of the Ottoman Empire. It ended with Greece giving up all territory gained during the war, returning to its pre-war borders, and engaging in a population exchange with the newly established state of Turkey under provisions in the Treaty of Lausanne.
The collective failure of the Greek military campaign against the Turkish revolutionaries, coupled with the expulsion of the French military from the region of Cilicia, forced the Allies to abandon the Treaty of Sèvres. Instead, they negotiated a new treaty at Lausanne. This new treaty recognised the independence of the Republic of Turkey and its sovereignty over East Thrace and Anatolia.
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... Greek photograhs and text, at least one howitzer was deployed by Greece during the Greco-TurkishWar of 1919 – 1922 ...
... With the end of the warin November 1918, the moribund Ottoman Empire was ready to be carved up amongst the victors, and Greece now expected the Allies to deliver on their promises ... which had campaigned on the slogan of an end to the warin Anatolia, instead intensified it ...
... There were massacres throughout 1920–1923, the period of the Turkish Warof Independence, especially of Armenians in the East and the South, and against the Greeks in the Black Sea Region ...
Famous quotes containing the word war:
“Viewed as a drama, the war is somewhat disappointing.”
—D.W. (David Wark)