Glyph

A glyph ( /ˈɡlɪf/) is an element of writing: an individual mark on a written medium that contributes to the meaning of what is written.

For example, in most languages written in any variety of the Latin alphabet the dot on a lower-case "i" is not a glyph because it does not convey any distinction, and an i in which the dot has been accidentally omitted is still likely to be read as an "i". In Turkish however, it is a glyph, because that language has two distinct versions of the letter "i", with and without a dot.

In Japanese syllabaries, a number of the characters are made up of more than one separate mark, but in general these separate marks are not glyphs because they have no meaning by themselves. However, in some cases, additional marks fulfill the role of diacritics, to differentiate distinct characters. Such additional marks constitute glyphs.

In general, a diacritic is a glyph, even if (like a cedilla in French, the ogonek in several languages or the stroke on a Polish L) it is "joined up" with the rest of the character.

Some characters, such as ⟨æ⟩ in Icelandic and the ⟨ß⟩ in German, would probably be regarded as glyphs: they were originally ligatures but over time have become characters in their own right, and these languages treat them as separate letters. However, a ligature such as "ffi", which is treated in some typefaces as a single unit, is arguably not a glyph as this is just a quirk of the typeface, essentially an allographic feature, and includes more than one grapheme. In normal handwriting, even long words are often written "joined up", without the pen leaving the paper, and the form of each written letter will often vary depending on which letters precede and follow it, but that does not make the whole word into a single glyph.

Two or more glyphs which have the same significance, whether used interchangeably or chosen depending on context, are called allographs of each other.

Read more about Glyph:  Etymology, Archæology, Typography, Graphonomics, Other Uses

Other articles related to "glyph, glyphs":

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... one of only two survivors, the other one being the archaeometrist Glyph ... of his own tragic past, Tap-Out became Glyph's bodyguard and a protector to the planet's humanoid inhabitants ... for his behavior, and presumably joined the Wreckers alongside Glyph after Cyclonus absconded with an alien energy source from the planet upon which he had crashed ...
Rongorongo Text J - Text
... One compound glyph, the shortest of Barthel's 26 texts The second glyph is "clearly" a rapa, or ceremonial dance paddle ... It appears to be held by a human figure, glyph 530, with what might be a headdress ...
Seven-dots Glyph
... The 7-dot glyph, (or globes) are first known in Mittanian art, (Turkey, or ancient Anatolia), but is possibly older ... The 7-dot glyph was at first six dots surrounding a central dot later two rows of 3-dots ended with a 7th as the finial ...
Glyph - Other Uses
... In the mobile text input technologies, Glyph is a family of text input methods based on the decomposition of letters into basic shapes ... In role-playing games, the word glyph is sometimes used alongside the word "rune" in describing magical drawings or etchings ... image on an object or person to empower it, whereas the magic in a glyph lies dormant and is only triggered when the glyph is read or approached ...
Temple Of The Inscriptions - Piers - Pier F
... Pier F has only one glyph block that remains today ... It contains glyphs for what is thought to be a title, translated as “dead rabbit”, followed by the title and name “Mah K’ina Kan-B'alam,” after which comes an unknown glyph (possibly another title), and the ...