Glycoprotein - Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides

Monosaccharides commonly found in eukaryotic glycoproteins include:

The principal sugars found in human glycoproteins
Sugar Type Abbreviation
β-D-Glucose Hexose Glc
β-D-Galactose Hexose Gal
β-D-Mannose Hexose Man
α-L-Fucose Deoxyhexose Fuc
N-Acetylgalactosamine Aminohexose GalNAc
N-Acetylglucosamine Aminohexose GlcNAc
N-Acetylneuraminic acid Aminononulosonic acid
(Sialic acid)
NeuNAc
Xylose Pentose Xyl

The sugar group(s) can assist in protein folding or improve proteins' stability.

Read more about this topic:  Glycoprotein

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