Glutamate

  • (noun): A salt or ester of glutamic acid.

Some articles on glutamate:

Coincidence Detection In Neurobiology - Synaptic Plasticity and Associativity - Molecular Mechanism of Long-term Depression
... Glutamate released from the parallel fibers activates AMPA receptors which depolarize the postsynaptic cell ... The parallel fibers also activate metabotropic glutamate receptors that release the second messengers IP3 and DAG ... to internalize AMPA receptors and decrease the sensitivity of the postsynaptic cell to glutamate (Purves 2004) ...
Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 8
... Metabotropic glutamate receptor 8 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GRM8 gene ... L-glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and activates both ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors ... The metabotropic glutamate receptors are a family of G protein-coupled receptors, that have been divided into 3 groups on the basis of sequence homology, putative ...
Summation (neurophysiology) - Mechanism - Glutamate As An Excitatory Example
... The neurotransmitter glutamate, for example, is predominantly known to trigger excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) ... Experimental manipulation can cause the release of the glutamate through the non-tetanic stimulation of a presynaptic neuron ... Glutamate then binds to AMPA receptors contained in the postsynaptic membrane causing the influx of positively charged sodium atoms ...
Succinylglutamate Desuccinylase
... desuccinylase (EC 3.5.1.96) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction N-succinyl-L-glutamate + H2O succinate + L-glutamate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are N-succinyl-L-glutam ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is N-succinyl-L-glutamate amidohydrolase ...
L-glutamate Oxidase
... In enzymology, a L-glutamate oxidase (EC 1.4.3.11) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-glutamate + O2 + H2O 2-oxoglutarate + NH3 + H2O2 The 3 substrates of this enzyme are L-glutamate, O2 ... Other names in common use include glutamate (acceptor) dehydrogenase, glutamate oxidase, glutamic acid oxidase, glutamic dehydrogenase (acceptor), and L-glutamic acid oxidase ...