Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.

—George Santayana

History (from Greek ἱστορία - historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about these events. The term includes cosmic, geologic, and organic history, but is often generically implied to mean human history. Scholars who write about history are called historians.

History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them.

Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.

Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not support the "disinterested investigation" required of the discipline of history. Events occurring prior to written record are considered prehistory.

Herodotus, a 5th century B.C. Greek historian is considered to be the "father of history", and, along with his contemporary Thucydides, helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. Their influence has helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today. The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematical elements of historical investigation. Often history is taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in University studies.

Read more about Geschichte:  Etymology, Description, History and Prehistory, Historiography, Philosophy of History, Historical Methods, Areas of Study, Historians, The Judgement of History, Pseudohistory, Teaching History

Other articles related to "geschichte":

Cabinet Of Three Counts - Sources
... Samuel Buchholz Versuch einer Geschichte der Churmark Brandenburg, Vierter Teil neue Geschichte, Berlin 1767, Seiten 350-353 Werner Schmidt Friedrich I ... Weltbild Verlag, Augsburg 1998, ISBN 3-89350-989-5 Gustav Adolf Harald Stenzel Geschichte des Preussischen Staats, Dritter Teil, Verlag Friedrich Perthes ...
Geschichte - Teaching History - Bias in School Teaching
... In many countries history textbooks are sponsored by the national government and are written to put the national heritage in the most favorable light ... For example, in Japan, mention of the Nanking Massacre has been removed from textbooks and the entire World War II is given cursory treatment ...
Alphons Huber - Works
... five-hundredth anniversary of the union of Austria and the Tyrol, he wrote, in 1864, Geschichte der Vereinigung Tirols mit Oesterreich and, as a sequel, Geschichte Herzogs Rudolf IV ... His magnum opus is a Geschichte Oesterreichs (History of Austria) in five volumes (1885–96), brought up to 1648 ...
Heinrich Friedrich Theodor Kohlrausch - Writings
... Kohlrausch published several textbooks, including the 1816 Die deutsche Geschichte für Schule und Haus (German history for school and home) — a work ... Other writings associated with Kohlrausch include Die Geschichte und Lehre der Heiligen Schrift (The history and teachings of Holy Scripture, 1811) Chronologischer Abriss der ...
Heinrich Beitzke
... He published Geschichte der deutschen Freiheitskriege in den Jahren 1813 und 1814 (three volumes, 1855 — an accurate and unprejudiced narrative ...