The Gemara (also transliterated Gemora, Gemarah or, less commonly, Gemorra; from Aramaic גמרא gamar; literally, " study" or "learning by tradition") is the component of the Talmud comprising rabbinical analysis of and commentary on the Mishnah. After the Mishnah was published by Judah HaNasi (c. 200 CE), the work was studied exhaustively by generation after generation of rabbis in Babylonia and the Land of Israel. Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud.

There are two versions of the Gemara. One version was compiled by scholars of Israel, primarily of the academies of Tiberias and Caesarea, which was published between about 350-400 CE.("yirushalmi") The other version by scholars of Babylonia, primarily of the academies of Sura, Pumbedita, and Mata Mehasia, which was published about 500 CE.("Bavli") By convention, a reference to the "Gemara" or "Talmud," without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.

Read more about Gemara:  Gemara and Mishnah, The Sugya, Argumentation and Debate

Other articles related to "gemara, gemaras":

Talmudists - Structure - Gemara
... These discussions form the Gemara (גמרא) ... Gemara means “completion” (from the Hebrew gamar גמר "to complete") or "learning" ( from the Aramaic "to study") ... The Gemara mainly focuses on elucidating and elaborating the opinions of the Tannaim ...
Ta'anit (tractate) - Other Talmudic Literature
... The two Gemaras contain, in addition to the explanations of individual mishnayot, a wealth of haggadic sayings, as well as many narratives and legends ... following sayings from the Babylonian Gemara may be cited here "Why is learning compared to a fire? Because, as many chips burn better together than singly, so learning is promoted when it is pursued by many scholars ... Noteworthy in Talmud Yerushalmi (the Palestinian Gemara, Talmud of the Land of Israel) is the account of the three scrolls of the Law which were in the Temple in Jerusalem and which differed from one another in ...
Gemara - Argumentation and Debate - Questions Addressed - Biblical Exposition
... Demonstrating how the Mishnah's rulings or disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts ... The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives a particular law ...
Machon Yaakov - The Program - Gemara Shiur (Lecture)
... The Gemara is the teachings passed down by the rabbis in the centuries following the destruction of Second Temple, and forms the core of what has come ... are known collectively as the Talmud, which has two parts Mishna and Gemara ...
Savoraim - View of David Weiss Halivni
... a large extent, the Stamma'im essentially wrote the Gemara (the discussions in the Talmud about the Mishna) ... that during the time of Ravina and Rav Ashi, they compiled a Gemara that was much smaller than the Gemara known today, and which likely was similar to ... He sees this proto-Gemara as a compilation of rulings that probably had little record of discussions ...

Famous quotes containing the word gemara:

    Your son, whirling between two wars,
    In the Gemara of your gentleness,
    Stanley Jasspon Kunitz (b. 1905)