Gaels - Terminology


The modern English term Gael derives ultimately from the Old Irish (Ancient Gaelic) word Goídel, which was spelled in various ways by Gaelic writers at different times. The modern Gaelic spellings are Gael (Irish) and Gàidheal (Scottish Gaelic).

Early Greek and Roman authors called the Irish Ιουερνοι and Iverni, respectively, both derived from the Proto-Irish ethnic name *Iwerni ("people of *Iweriū"). Later Greek and Latin variants of this name included Ίερνοι, Hierni, and Hiberni.

Scoti or Scotti was another generic Latin name for the Irish that came into use by the 4th century. It is not believed that any Gaelic groups called themselves Scot(t)i in ancient times, except when referring to themselves in Latin. It is also conjectured that the Latin term may mean "raider/pirate" as it is widely accepted that raiders from Ireland were attacking Britain's west coast during and following the Roman occupation.

Goidel is thought to have been borrowed some time during the 7th century from the (not directly attested) Primitive Welsh form which became Old Welsh Guoidel, i.e. "Irishman" (which is attested as a male personal name in the Book of Llandaff), and may ultimately be derived from the Proto-Indo-European *weidh-(e)l-o-, perhaps meaning "forest people", partially cognate with the Old Irish ethnic name Féni (from Proto-Indo-European *weidh-n-jo-, "forest people", later becoming simply "warriors" in Proto-Irish).

Read more about this topic:  Gaels

Other articles related to "terminology":

1 E+30 M³ - 1 E+36 M³ and Larger
... m³ equals 1 undecillion m³ (1 sextillion km³ in long scale terminology, one million6 cubic metres) 1 octillion km³ (1,000 quadrillion km³ in long scale terminology, one ...
Terminology - Terminological Theories
... Terminological theories include general theory of terminology, socioterminology, communicative theory of terminology, sociocognitive terminology, and frame-based terminology ...
Scientology Beliefs And Practices - Scriptures and Practices - Terminology
12, 1952, Hubbard explained in the lecture "Precision Knowledge Necessity to know terminology and law” the need to have precise terminology that cannot be confused with other words or ...
Glossary Of Rail Transport Terms
... Rail terminology is a form of technical terminology ... outside the US) is the most obvious difference in rail terminology (see usage of the terms railroad and railway for more information) ... For terminology specific to the types of lines used for passenger trains, see passenger rail terminology ...
Emergency Management - National Organizations - New Zealand - Terminology
... New Zealand uses unique terminology for emergency management to the rest of the English-speaking world ...