A fountain (from the Latin "fons" (genitive "fontis"), a source or spring) is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect.
Fountains were originally purely functional, connected to springs or aqueducts and used to provide drinking water and water for bathing and washing to the residents of cities, towns and villages. Until the late 19th century most fountains operated by gravity, and needed a source of water higher than the fountain, such as a reservoir or aqueduct, to make the water flow or jet into the air.
In addition to providing drinking water, fountains were used for decoration and to celebrate their builders. Roman fountains were decorated with bronze or stone masks of animals or heroes. In the Middle Ages, Moorish and Muslim garden designers used fountains to create miniature versions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France used fountains in the Gardens of Versailles to illustrate his power over nature. The baroque decorative fountains of Rome in the 17th and 18th centuries marked the arrival point of restored Roman aqueducts and glorified the Popes who built them.
By the end of the 19th century, as indoor plumbing became the main source of drinking water, urban fountains became purely decorative. Mechanical pumps replaced gravity and allowed fountains to recycle water and to force it high into the air. The Jet d'Eau in Lake Geneva, built in 1951, shoots water 140 metres (460 ft) in the air. The highest such fountain in the world is King Fahd's Fountain in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, which spouts water 260 metres (850 ft) above the Red Sea.
Fountains are used today to decorate city parks and squares; to honor individuals or events; for recreation and for entertainment. A Splash pad or spray pool allows city residents to enter, get wet and cool off in summer. The musical fountain combines moving jets of water, colored lights and recorded music, controlled by a computer, for dramatic effects. Drinking fountains provide clean drinking water in public buildings, parks and public spaces.
Other articles related to "fountain":
... Fountain is an unincorporated community in Mineral County, West Virginia, United States, located at the intersection of West Virginia Route 46 and Knobley Road ...
... One courtyard contains a small fountain whose sad story so moved the Russian writer Alexander Pushkin when he visited it that he wrote a poem about it titled "The ... Bakhchisaray Fountain or Fountain of Tears is a real case of life imitating art ... The fountain is known as the embodiment of love of one of the last Crimean Khans, Qırım Giray Khan for his young wife, and his grief after her early death ...
... The Fountain of Justice is a historic landmark in Bacolod City, Negros Occidental, Philippines ... The park and fountain area is also a place for recreation, political, spiritual and cultural activities and is illuminated at night ... The fountain is a meeting place for rallies and protesters of many organizations, private, public and labor movements and political sectors ...
... A fountain by Ruth Asawa resides on the property of the Grand Hyatt ... The basin is of bronze, and the fountain as a whole sits at a height of 90 inches and 193 inches in diameter ... The fountain is cylindrical, and the basin has a bas-relief with scenes of San Francisco ...
... CD1 "Love Like A Fountain" (Radio Edit) - 331 "The Fisherman" - 738 "Love Like A Fountain" (Video CD Rom) The idea of track 2 is further explored in "The Return Of The Fisherman" song ... CD2 "Love Like A Fountain" (Radio Edit) - 331 "Love Like A Fountain" (Stereo MC's Mix) - 528 "Love Like A Fountain" (Aim Mix) - 352 Ltd numbered 7inch "Love Like A Fountain" (Radio Version) "The ...
Famous quotes containing the word fountain:
“No fountain from its rocky cave
Eer tripped with foot so free;
She seemed as happy as a wave
That dances on the sea.”
—William Wordsworth (17701850)
“From the very fountain of enchantment there arises a taste of bitterness to spread anguish amongst the flowers.”
—Lucretius (Titus Lucretius Carus)
“More things are wrought by prayer
Than this world dreams of. Wherefore, let thy voice
Rise like a fountain for me night and day.”
—Alfred Tennyson (18091892)