First Upper Peru Campaign
The first Upper Peru campaign was a military campaign of the Argentine War of Independence, which took place in 1810. It was headed by Juan José Castelli, and attempted to expand the influence of the Buenos Aires May Revolution in Upper Peru (modern Bolivia). There were initial victories, such as in the Battle of Suipacha and the revolt of Cochabamba, but it was finally defeated during the Battle of Huaqui that returned Upper Peru to Royalist influence. Manuel Belgrano and José Rondeau would attempt other similarly ill-fated campaigns; the Royalists in the Upper Peru would be finally defeated by Sucre, whose military campaign came from the North supporting Simón Bolívar.
... Castelli declared the truce broken and declared war on Peru ... Many patriotic soldiers recruited at the Upper Peru surrendered or fled, and many of the recruits in La Paz switched sides during the battle ... The inhabitants of Upper Peru left them and welcomed the royalists back, so the army had to quickly leave those provinces ...
... One of the first two military campaigns sent from Buenos Aires moved to Córdoba ... a result, and Juan José Castelli appointed head of the military campaign instead ... Castelli executed the prisoners, and the army headed then to the Upper Peru ...
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