# Fermat

• (noun): French mathematician who founded number theory; contributed (with Pascal) to the theory of probability (1601-1665).
Synonyms: Pierre de Fermat

### Some articles on fermat:

Contributions Of Leonhard Euler To Mathematics - Number Theory
... A lot of his early work on number theory was based on the works of Pierre de Fermat, and developed some of Fermat's ideas ... Euler proved Newton's identities, Fermat's little theorem, Fermat's theorem on sums of two squares, and made distinct contributions to the Lagrange's four-square theorem ... Using properties of this function he was able to generalize Fermat's little theorem to what would become known as Euler's theorem ...
Cyclotomic Field - Relation With Fermat's Last Theorem
... A natural approach to proving Fermat's Last Theorem is to factor the binomial xn + yn, where n is an odd prime, appearing in one side of Fermat's equation as follows ... were true, then it could have been used to rule out the existence of nontrivial solutions to Fermat's equation ... Several attempts to tackle Fermat's Last Theorem proceeded along these lines, and both Fermat's proof for n = 4 and Euler's proof for n = 3 can be recast in these ...
Wiles's Proof Of Fermat's Last Theorem
... Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem is a proof of the modularity theorem for semistable elliptic curves released by Andrew Wiles, which, together with Ribet's theorem ... Both Fermat's Last Theorem and the Modularity Theorem were almost universally considered inaccessible to proof by contemporaneous mathematicians (meaning, impossible or virtually ... category of schemes and Iwasawa theory, and other 20th-century techniques not available to Fermat ...
Pierre De Fermat
... Pierre de Fermat ( 17 August 1601 or 1607/8 – 12 January 1665) was a French lawyer at the Parlement of Toulouse, France, and an amateur mathematician who is given credit for early ... He is best known for Fermat's Last Theorem, which he described in a note at the margin of a copy of Diophantus' Arithmetica ...
Timeline Of Abelian Varieties - Seventeenth Century
... Fermat studies descent for elliptic curves 1643 Fermat poses an elliptic curve Diophantine equation 1670 Fermat's son published his Diophantus with notes ...