Environmental Justice

The term environmental justice emerged as a concept in the United States in the early 1980s. The term has two distinct uses. The first and more common usage describes a social movement in the United States whose focus is on the fair distribution of environmental benefits and burdens. Second, it is an interdisciplinary body of social science literature that includes (but is not limited to) theories of the environment, theories of justice, environmental law and governance, environmental policy and planning, development, sustainability, and political ecology.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency defines Environmental justice (EJ) as "the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, sex, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies."

Proponents of environmental justice generally view the environment as encompassing "where we live, work, and play" (some definitions also include 'pray' and 'learn') and seek to redress inequitable distributions of environmental burdens (such as pollution, industrial facilities, and crime).

Read more about Environmental Justice:  Definition, Environmental Discrimination, History, Initial Barriers To Minority Participation, Cost Barriers, Contributions of The Civil Rights Movement, Affected Groups, Around The World

Other articles related to "environmental justice, environmental":

Christopher Williams (academic) - Ideas in Action - Global Justice - Environmental Justice
... His edited book Environmental victims draws attention to the problem of 'environmental victim syndrome' and the legal status of the unborn victim ... caused by pollution, and for a reversal of the burden of proof in environmental cases ... proposed the concept of 'loss costs' when assessing environmental harm ...
Environmental Justice - Around The World - Toxic 100
... Rankings are based on the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI), the Risk Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI) data, overall transport, and population ... This makes it possible to compare corporations and facilities in terms of their environmental justice performance as well as overall pollution ... population." Companies may commit environmental injustice by releasing pollutants affecting minority families ...
Robert D. Bullard - Environmental Justice Work - Advocacy
... Department of Health and Human Services, and to William Reilly, the head of the Environmental Protection Agency, asking for meetings with the officials to discuss governmental policy on environmental ... in the creation of the EPA's Work Group on Environmental Equity ... This group later became the Office of Environmental Equity, and then the Office of Environmental Justice under EPA Administrator Carol Browner in 1993 ...
Spatial Justice - Environmental Justice
... of the concept of sustainable development has also fostered a debate on environmental equity ... The notion of “Environmental Justice” was created in the 1970s–1980s in North American cities to denounce the spatial overlapping between ...

Famous quotes containing the word justice:

    For there is no defense for a man who, in the excess of his wealth, has kicked the great altar of Justice out of sight.
    Aeschylus (525–456 B.C.)