Dravidian Languages

The Dravidian languages are a language family of approximately 85 languages spoken by about 217 million people. They are mainly spoken in southern India and parts of eastern and central India as well as in northeastern Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Iran, and overseas in other countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. The most widely spoken Dravidian languages are Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, and Telugu. There are also small groups of Dravidian-speaking scheduled tribes, who live beyond the mainstream communities. It is often speculated that Dravidian languages are native to India. Epigraphically the Dravidian languages have been attested since the 6th century BCE. Only two Dravidian languages are exclusively spoken outside India, Brahui and Dhangar, a dialect of Kurukh. Dravidian place-names along the northwest coast, in Maharashtra, Gujarat, and to a lesser extent in Sindh as well as Dravidian grammatical influence such as clusivity in the Marathi, Gujarati, Marwari, and to a lesser extent Sindhi languages, suggest that Dravidian languages were once spoken more widely across the Indian subcontinent.

Read more about Dravidian Languagesdravidian">Origins of The Word Dravidian, History, Classification, Relationship To Other Language Families, Grammar, Phonology

Other articles related to "dravidian languages, dravidian, language, languages":

Bhadriraju Krishnamurti - Contribution To Linguistics
... among the first to apply the rigor of modern comparative linguistic theory to further the study of Dravidian languages ... His thesis Telugu Verbal Bases (1961) is the first comprehensive account of comparative Dravidian phonology and derivational morphology of verbal bases in Dravidian from the ... on koṃḍa or Kūbi is a monumental work in the area of non-literary Dravidian languages ...
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy - Ideals and Criticisms - Tamil Language and Writing
... claimed that Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada came from the same mother language of Old Tamil ... He explained that the Tamil language is called by four different names since it is spoken in four different Dravidian states ... Nevertheless, current understanding of Dravidian languages contains statements contradicting such claims ...
Pro-drop Language - Generalizations Across Languages - Other Language Families and Linguistic Regions
... Among the Indo-European and Dravidian languages of India, pro-drop is the general rule, though many Dravidian languages do not have overt verbal markers to indicate pronominal subjects ... Mongolic languages are similar in this respect to Dravidian languages, and all Paleosiberian languages are rigidly pro-drop ... Outside of northern Europe, most non-Bantu Niger–Congo languages, Khoisan languages of Southern Africa and Austronesian languages of the Western Pacific, pro-drop is the usual pattern in ...
Dravidian Languages - Phonology - Dravidian Substratum Influence On Sanskrit
... Dravidian and Sanskrit have influenced each other in various ways from very early times, hence it is an interesting field for linguistic research ... Sanskrit has been influenced in certain more fundamental ways than Dravidian languages have been by it It is by way of phonology and even more ... This has been the case from the earliest language available (ca ...

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