Double Pendulum - Analysis

Analysis

Several variants of the double pendulum may be considered; the two limbs may be of equal or unequal lengths and masses, they may be simple pendulums or compound pendulums (also called complex pendulums) and the motion may be in three dimensions or restricted to the vertical plane. In the following analysis, the limbs are taken to be identical compound pendulums of length and mass, and the motion is restricted to two dimensions.

In a compound pendulum, the mass is distributed along its length. If the mass is evenly distributed, then the center of mass of each limb is at its midpoint, and the limb has a moment of inertia of about that point.

It is convenient to use the angles between each limb and the vertical as the generalized coordinates defining the configuration of the system. These angles are denoted θ1 and θ2. The position of the center of mass of each rod may be written in terms of these two coordinates. If the origin of the Cartesian coordinate system is taken to be at the point of suspension of the first pendulum, then the center of mass of this pendulum is at:


x_1 = frac{ell}{2} sin theta_1,

y_1 = -frac{ell}{2} cos theta_1

and the center of mass of the second pendulum is at


x_2 = ell left ( sin theta_1 + frac{1}{2} sin theta_2 right ),

y_2 = -ell left ( cos theta_1 + frac{1}{2} cos theta_2 right ).

This is enough information to write out the Lagrangian.

Read more about this topic:  Double Pendulum

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