Direct and Indirect Realism

Direct And Indirect Realism

The question of direct or "naïve" realism, as opposed to indirect or "representational" realism, arises in the philosophy of perception and of mind out of the debate over the nature of conscious experience; the epistemological question of whether the world we see around us is the real world itself or merely an internal perceptual copy of that world generated by neural processes in our brain. Naïve realism is known as direct realism when developed to counter indirect or representative realism, also known as epistemological dualism, the philosophical position that our conscious experience is not of the real world itself but of an internal representation, a miniature virtual-reality replica of the world. Indirect realism is broadly equivalent to the accepted view of perception in natural science that states that we do not and cannot perceive the external world as it really is but know only our ideas and interpretations of the way the world is. Representationalism is one of the key assumptions of cognitivism in psychology. The representational realist would deny that 'first hand knowledge' is a coherent concept, since knowledge is always via some means. Our ideas of the world are interpretations of sensory input derived from an external world that is real (unlike the standpoint of idealism). The alternative, that we have knowledge of the outside world that is unconstrained by our sense organs and does not require interpretation, would appear to be inconsistent with everyday observation.

Read more about Direct And Indirect Realism:  History, Problems With The Indirect Theory, The Adverbial Theory

Other articles related to "direct and indirect realism, direct, indirect":

Direct And Indirect Realism - The Adverbial Theory
... is a dualism of objects, perceptual experience being a more direct experience of objects of a different sort sense-data ...
Field Artillery System
... Because field artillery mostly uses indirect fire the guns have to be part of a system that enables them to attack targets invisible to them in accordance with the combined arms plan ... Since the creation of modern indirect fire different armies have done it differently at different times and in different places ... very broadly, artillery units are assigned in direct support or in general support ...
Relative Clause - Examples - Austronesian Languages - Tagalog
... In (2a), the gap is in direct object position, while in (2b), the gap is in indirect object position ... where the verbs have been passivised in order to raise the logical direct object in (3a) and the logical indirect object in (3b) to subject position ... However, the relative clause in (7a) looks more like an indirect question, complete with the interrogative complementiser, kung 'if', and a pre-verbally positioned WH-word like saan ...

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