Cord Blood Bank

A cord blood bank is a facility which stores umbilical cord blood for future use. Both private and public cord blood banks have developed since the mid- to late-1990s in response to the potential for cord blood transplants in treating diseases of the blood and immune systems.

Public banks accept donations to be used for anyone in need. Unlike private cord blood banking, public cord blood banking is supported by the medical community. However, there are very strict regulations which public banks need to follow in order to enable the donated units to be added to a registry. Generally, an expectant mother interested in donation should contact the bank before the 34th week of pregnancy. The National Marrow Donor Program has a list of public cord blood banks on their website. Once the blood is donated, it loses all identifying information after a short period of initial testing. Families are not able to retrieve their own blood after it has been donated, but, as discussed below, it is very unlikely that they would be able to use the sample themselves.

Banking a cord blood in private banks is a personal choice made by both parents. Private banks store cord blood with a link to the identity of the donor, so that the family may retrieve it later if it is needed. The parents have custody of the cord blood until the child is an adult. The cord blood might someday be needed by the donor baby, or it could be used by a relative who is a close enough match to receive a transplant from the donor (typically a sibling). Private banks charge a fee of around $1000–$2000 to preserve the harvested cord blood for family biological insurance. Private banks have been criticized for aggressive marketing campaigns to expectant parents.

In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration regulates cord blood under the category of “Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue Based-Products.” The Code of Federal Regulations under which the FDA regulates public and private cord blood banks is Title 21 Section 1271. Other countries also have regulations pertaining to cord blood.

Cord blood contains hematopoietic stem cells, progenitor cells which can form red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Cord blood cells are currently used to treat blood and immune system related genetic diseases, cancers, and blood disorders. Medical critics of routine cord blood collection emphasize that, if neonatal cord blood is so physiologically valuable, it is of great benefit for the neonate to receive upon birth.

Read more about Cord Blood Bank:  The Collection Process, Cryopreservation, Benefits of Banking Cord Blood, Cord Blood and Regenerative Medicine, Banking Umbilical Cord Tissue, Issues Common To All Cord Blood Banks, Banking Methods, Public Banks, Private Banks, Medical Issues, Confusion With Embryonic Stem Cells

Other articles related to "blood, cord blood bank, cord blood, cord":

Blood - Applications - In Genealogy and Family History
... The term blood is used in genealogical circles to refer to one's ancestry, origins, and ethnic background as in the word bloodline ... Other terms where blood is used in a family history sense are blue-blood, royal blood, mixed-blood and blood relative ...
Singapore Cord Blood Bank
... The Singapore Cord Blood Bank (Abbreviation SCBB) is Singapore’s only public cord blood bank that collects, processes and stores donated umbilical cord blood for use in stem cell transplants ... Its cord blood units may be searched for use by qualifying transplant centers around the world ...
Cord Blood Harvesting
... Umbilical cord blood is the blood left over in the placenta and in the umbilical cord after the birth of the baby ... The cord blood is composed of all the elements found in whole blood ... It contains red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, platelets and is also rich in hematopoietic stem cells ...
Cord Blood Bank - Confusion With Embryonic Stem Cells
... However, cord blood stem cells (hematopoietic stem cells) are not embryonic stem cells (pluripotent stem cells) ...
The UK NHS Cord Blood Bank
... In the United Kingdom the NHS Cord Blood Bank was set up in 1996 to collect, process, store and supply cord blood ... It is a public cord blood bank and part of the NHS ... transplant (the patient was not related to the donor) occurred in February 1998 Cord blood collected for the NHS Cord Blood Bank is collected by specially trained and dedicated ...

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