Constitutional Monarchy

Constitutional monarchy (or limited monarchy) is a form of government in which a monarch acts as head of state within the guidelines of a constitution, whether it be a written, uncodified, or blended constitution. This form of government differs from absolute monarchy in which an absolute monarch serves as the source of power in the state and is not legally bound by any constitution and has the powers to regulate his or her respective government.

Most constitutional monarchies employ a parliamentary system in which the monarch may have strictly ceremonial duties or may have reserve powers, depending on the constitution. Under most modern constitutional monarchies there is also a prime minister who is the head of government and exercises effective political power. There also exist today several federal constitutional monarchies. In these countries, each subdivision has a distinct government and head of government, but all subdivisions share a monarch who is head of state of the federation as a united whole.

Contemporary constitutional monarchies include: Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bhutan, Bahrain, Cambodia, Canada, Denmark, Grenada, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Liechtenstein, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Monaco, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Spain, St Christopher and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Sweden, Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The latest country that was completely transformed from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional democratic monarchy is Bhutan.

Read more about Constitutional MonarchyConstitutional and Absolute Monarchy, Executive Monarchy Versus Ceremonial Monarchy, Modern Constitutional Monarchy, List of Current Reigning Monarchies, Former Monarchies, Other Situations

Other articles related to "constitutional monarchy, constitutional, monarchy":

Australians For Constitutional Monarchy
... Australians for Constitutional Monarchy (ACM) is a group that aims to preserve Australia's current constitutional monarchy, with Elizabeth II as Queen of Australia ... and to defend our heritage the Australian constitutional system, the role of the Crown in it and our Flag" ...
List Of Monarchies - Subnational Monarchies
... A subnational monarchy is a territory governed by a hereditary leader, but which is subordinate to a higher national government, either monarchical or republican in form. 9th century - 1806 within Holy Roman Empire became constitutional monarchy) Kingdom of Germany (c ... Holy Roman Empire, Bohemia, the Netherlands, Austria, France and Belgium became constitutional monarchy) Kingdom of Hungary (1000 - 1806 within Holy Roman Empire became constitutional ...
Constitutional Monarchy - Other Situations
... Andorra is the only monarchy where the head of state is vested jointly in two individuals co-princes (Bishop of Urgell, President of France) Andorra, Monaco and Liechtenstein are the only countries with a reigning ...
Subdivisions Of Bhutan
... Dzongkha Demonym Bhutanese Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy - King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck - Prime Minister Jigme Thinley - Prime Minister-d ... In 2008, Bhutan made the transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy and held its first general election ...
Monarchism In Iran - Historical Background
... Iran first became a constitutional monarchy in 1905, but underwent a period of autocracy during the years 1925-1941, after which the Iranian National Assembly was ... During the years 1941 to 1953, Iran remained a constitutional monarchy and active parliamentary democracy with Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi retaining extensive legal executive powers ... Mossadegh was planning on abolishing the monarchy and declaring himself President of a new Republic of Iran, leading to a pro-monarchist backlash from the public and leading to a successful result in the coup against ...

Famous quotes containing the word monarchy:

    Why doesn’t the United States take over the monarchy and unite with England? England does have important assets. Naturally the longer you wait, the more they will dwindle. At least you could use it for a summer resort instead of Maine.
    —W.H. (Wystan Hugh)