Comparison of Chinese Romanization Systems

Below is a table from pinyin.info which compares the different romanizations of Standard Chinese. This table includes a list of all syllables which are considered phonemically distinguishable within the language.

Note that Zhuyin has been included. While not being a form of the Latin alphabet, it still functions like a romanization system in modern use. Also note that Gwoyeu Romatzyh has a different spelling for each tone—this follows the spelling conventions of modifying the syllable's letters in order to indicate tone.

Zhuyin Wade-
Giles
MPS II Yale Tong-
yong
Hanyu
Pinyin
Gwoyeu Romatzyh IPA
Tone 1 Tone 2 Tone 3 Tone 4
a a a a a a ar aa ah a
ai ai ai ai ai ai air ae ay ai
an an an an an an arn aan ann an
ang ang ang ang ang ang arng aang anq
ao au au ao ao au aur ao aw au
ㄓㄚ cha ja ja jha zha ja jar jaa jah ʈʂa
ㄔㄚ ch'a cha cha cha cha cha char chaa chah ʈʂʰa
ㄓㄞ chai jai jai jhai zhai jai jair jae jay ʈʂai
ㄔㄞ ch'ai chai chai chai chai chai chair chae chay ʈʂʰai
ㄓㄢ chan jan jan jhan zhan jan jarn jaan jann ʈʂan
ㄔㄢ ch'an chan chan chan chan chan charn chaan chann ʈʂʰan
ㄓㄤ chang jang jang jhang zhang jang jarng jaang janq ʈʂaŋ
ㄔㄤ ch'ang chang chang chang chang chang charng chaang chanq ʈʂʰaŋ
ㄓㄠ chao jau jau jhao zhao jau jaur jao jaw ʈʂau
ㄔㄠ ch'ao chau chau chao chao chau chaur chao chaw ʈʂʰau
ㄓㄜ che je je jhe zhe je jer jee jeh ʈʂə
ㄔㄜ ch'e che che che che che cher chee cheh ʈʂʰə
ㄓㄟ chei jei jei jhei zhei jei jeir jeei jey ʈʂei
ㄓㄣ chen jen jen jhen zhen jen jern jeen jenn ʈʂen
ㄔㄣ ch'en chen chen chen chen chen chern cheen chenn ʈʂʰen
ㄓㄥ cheng jeng jeng jheng zheng jeng jerng jeeng jenq ʈʂeŋ
ㄔㄥ ch'eng cheng cheng cheng cheng cheng cherng cheeng chenq ʈʂʰeŋ
ㄐㄧ chi ji ji ji ji ji jyi jii jih tɕi
ㄑㄧ ch'i chi chi ci qi chi chyi chii chih tɕʰi
ㄐㄧㄚ chia jia jya jia jia jia jya jea jiah
ㄑㄧㄚ ch'ia chia chya cia qia chia chya chea chiah tɕʰ
ㄐㄧㄤ chiang jiang jyang jiang jiang jiang jyang jeang jianq
ㄑㄧㄤ ch'iang chiang chyang ciang qiang chiang chyang cheang chianq tɕʰ
ㄐㄧㄠ chiao jiau jyau jiao jiao jiau jyau jeau jiaw
ㄑㄧㄠ ch'iao chiau chyau ciao qiao chiau chyau cheau chiaw tɕʰ
ㄐㄧㄝ chieh jie jye jie jie jie jye jiee jieh tɕiɛ
ㄑㄧㄝ ch'ieh chie chye cie qie chie chye chiee chieh tɕʰiɛ
ㄐㄧㄢ chien jian jyan jian jian jian jyan jean jiann tɕiɛn
ㄑㄧㄢ ch'ien chian chyan cian qian chian chyan chean chiann tɕʰiɛn
chih jr jr jhih zhi jy jyr jyy jyh ʈʂ
ch'ih chr chr chih chi chy chyr chyy chyh ʈʂʰ
ㄐㄧㄣ chin jin jin jin jin jin jyn jiin jinn tɕɪn
ㄑㄧㄣ ch'in chin chin cin qin chin chyn chiin chinn tɕʰɪn
ㄐㄧㄥ ching jing jing jing jing jing jyng jiing jinq tɕiŋ
ㄑㄧㄥ ch'ing ching ching cing qing ching chyng chiing chinq tɕʰiŋ
ㄐㄧㄡ chiu jiou jyou jiou jiu jiou jyou jeou jiow tɕiou
ㄑㄧㄡ ch'iu chiou chyou ciou qiu chiou chyou cheou chiow tɕʰiou
ㄐㄩㄥ chiung jiung jyung jyong jiong jiong jyong jeong jionq tɕyʊŋ
ㄑㄩㄥ ch'iung chiung chyung cyong qiong chiong chyong cheong chionq tɕʰyʊŋ
ㄓㄨㄛ cho juo jwo jhuo zhuo juo jwo juoo juoh ʈʂuɔ
ㄔㄨㄛ ch'o chuo chwo chuo chuo chuo chwo chuoo chuoh ʈʂʰuɔ
ㄓㄡ chou jou jou jhou zhou jou jour joou jow ʈʂou
ㄔㄡ ch'ou chou chou chou chou chou chour choou chow ʈʂʰou
ㄓㄨ chu ju ju jhu zhu ju jwu juu juh ʈʂu
ㄔㄨ ch'u chu chu chu chu chu chwu chuu chuh ʈʂʰu
ㄓㄨㄚ chua jua jwa jhua zhua jua jwa joa juah ʈʂ
ㄔㄨㄚ ch'ua chua chwa chua chua chua chuar chuaa chuah ʈʂʰ
ㄓㄨㄞ chuai juai jwai jhuai zhuai juai jwai joai juay ʈʂ
ㄔㄨㄞ ch'uai chuai chwai chuai chuai chuai chwai choai chuay ʈʂʰ
ㄓㄨㄢ chuan juan jwan jhuan zhuan juan jwan joan juann ʈʂuan
ㄔㄨㄢ ch'uan chuan chwan chuan chuan chuan chwan choan chuann ʈʂʰuan
ㄓㄨㄤ chuang juang jwang jhuang zhuang juang jwang joang juanq ʈʂ
ㄔㄨㄤ ch'uang chuang chwang chuang chuang chuang chwang choang chuanq ʈʂʰ
ㄓㄨㄟ chui juei jwei jhuei zhui juei jwei joei juey ʈʂuei
ㄔㄨㄟ ch'ui chuei chwei chuei chui chuei chwei choei chuey ʈʂʰuei
ㄓㄨㄣ chun juen jwen jhun zhun juen jwen joen juenn ʈʂ
ㄔㄨㄣ ch'un chuen chwen chun chun chuen chwen choen chuenn ʈʂʰ
ㄓㄨㄥ chung jung jung jhong zhong jong jorng joong jonq ʈʂʊŋ
ㄔㄨㄥ ch'ung chung chung chong chong chong chorng choong chonq ʈʂʰʊŋ
ㄐㄩ chü jiu jyu jyu ju jiu jyu jeu jiuh tɕy
ㄑㄩ ch'ü chiu chyu cyu qu chiu chyu cheu chiuh tɕʰy
ㄐㄩㄢ chüan jiuan jywan jyuan juan jiuan jyuan jeuan jiuann tɕyɛn
ㄑㄩㄢ ch'üan chiuan chywan cyuan quan chiuan chyuan cheuan chiuann tɕʰyɛn
ㄐㄩㄝ chüeh jiue jywe jyue jue jiue jyue jeue jiueh tɕyuɛ
ㄑㄩㄝ ch'üeh chiue chywe cyue que chiue chyue cheue chiueh tɕʰyuɛ
ㄐㄩㄣ chün jiun jyun jyun jun jiun jyun jeun jiunn tɕyn
ㄑㄩㄣ ch'ün chiun chyun cyun qun chiun chyun cheun chiunn tɕʰyn
e e e e e e er ee eh ə
ei ei ei ei ei ei eir eei ey ei
en en en en en en ern een enn en
erh er er er er el erl eel ell
ㄈㄚ fa fa fa fa fa fa far faa fah fa
ㄈㄢ fan fan fan fan fan fan farn faan fann fan
ㄈㄤ fang fang fang fang fang fang farng faang fanq faŋ
ㄈㄟ fei fei fei fei fei fei feir feei fey fei
ㄈㄣ fen fen fen fen fen fen fern feen fenn fen
ㄈㄥ feng feng feng fong feng feng ferng feeng fenq feŋ
ㄈㄛ fo fo fwo fo fo fo for foo foh
ㄈㄡ fou fou fou fou fou fou four foou fow fou
ㄈㄨ fu fu fu fu fu fu fwu fuu fuh fu
ㄏㄚ ha ha ha ha ha ha har haa hah xa
ㄏㄞ hai hai hai hai hai hai hair hae hay xai
ㄏㄢ han han han han han han harn haan hann xan
ㄏㄤ hang hang hang hang hang hang harng haang hanq xaŋ
ㄏㄠ hao hau hau hao hao hau haur hao haw xau
ㄏㄟ hei hei hei hei hei hei heir heei hey xei
ㄏㄣ hen hen hen hen hen hen hern heen henn xen
ㄏㄥ heng heng heng heng heng heng herng heeng henq xeŋ
ㄏㄜ ho he he he he he her hee heh
ㄏㄡ hou hou hou hou hou hou hour hoou how xou
ㄒㄧ hsi shi syi si xi shi shyi shii shih ɕi
ㄒㄧㄚ hsia shia sya sia xia shia shya shea shiah ɕ
ㄒㄧㄤ hsiang shiang syang siang xiang shiang shyang sheang shianq ɕ
ㄒㄧㄠ hsiao shiau syau siao xiao shiau shyau sheau shiaw ɕ
ㄒㄧㄝ hsieh shie sye sie xie shie shye shiee shieh ɕiɛ
ㄒㄧㄢ hsien shian syan sian xian shian shyan shean shiann ɕiɛn
ㄒㄧㄣ hsin shin syin sin xin shin shyn shiin shinn ɕɪn
ㄒㄧㄥ hsing shing sying sing xing shing shyng shiing shinq ɕiŋ
ㄒㄧㄡ hsiu shiou syou siou xiu shiou shyou sheou shiow ɕiou
ㄒㄩㄥ hsiung shiung syung syong xiong shiong shyong sheong shionq ɕyʊŋ
ㄒㄩ hsü shiu syu syu xu shiu shyu sheu shiuh ɕy
ㄒㄩㄢ hsüan shiuan sywan syuan xuan shiuan shyuan sheuan shiuann ɕyɛn
ㄒㄩㄝ hsüeh shiue sywe syue xue shiue shyue sheue shiueh ɕyuɛ
ㄒㄩㄣ hsün shiun syun syun xun shiun shyun sheun shiunn ɕyn
ㄏㄨ hu hu hu hu hu hu hwu huu huh xu
ㄏㄨㄚ hua hua hwa hua hua hua hwa hoa huah x
ㄏㄨㄞ huai huai hwai huai huai huai hwai hoai huay x
ㄏㄨㄢ huan huan hwan huan huan huan hwan hoan huann xuan
ㄏㄨㄤ huang huang hwang huang huang huang hwang hoang huanq x
ㄏㄨㄟ hui huei hwei huei hui huei hwei hoei huey xuei
ㄏㄨㄣ hun huen hwen hun hun huen hwen hoen huenn x
ㄏㄨㄥ hung hung hung hong hong hong horng hoong honq xʊŋ
ㄏㄨㄛ huo huo hwo huo huo huo hwo huoo huoh xuɔ
i yi yi yi yi i yi yii yih i
ㄖㄢ jan ran ran ran ran rhan ran raan rann ʐan
ㄖㄤ jang rang rang rang rang rhang rang raang ranq ʐaŋ
ㄖㄠ jao rau rau rao rao rhau rau rao raw ʐau
ㄖㄜ je re re re re rhe re ree reh ʐə
ㄖㄣ jen ren ren ren ren rhen ren reen renn ʐen
ㄖㄥ jeng reng reng reng reng rheng reng reeng renq ʐeŋ
jih r r rih ri rhy ry ryy ryh ʐ
ㄖㄨㄛ jo ruo rwo ruo ruo rhuo ruo ruoo ruoh ʐuɔ
ㄖㄡ jou rou rou rou rou rhou rou roou row ʐou
ㄖㄨ ju ru ru ru ru rhu ru ruu ruh ʐu
ㄖㄨㄢ juan ruan rwan ruan ruan rhuan ruan roan ruann ʐuan
ㄖㄨㄟ jui ruei rwei ruei rui rhuei ruei roei ruey ʐuei
ㄖㄨㄣ jun ruen rwun run run rhuen ruen roen ruenn ʐ
ㄖㄨㄥ jung rung rung rong rong rhong rong roong ronq ʐʊŋ
ㄍㄚ ka ga ga ga ga ga gar gaa gah ka
ㄎㄚ k'a ka ka ka ka ka kar kaa kah kʰa
ㄍㄞ kai gai gai gai gai gai gair gae gay kai
ㄎㄞ k'ai kai kai kai kai kai kair kae kay kʰai
ㄍㄢ kan gan gan gan gan gan garn gaan gann kan
ㄎㄢ k'an kan kan kan kan kan karn kaan kann kʰan
ㄍㄤ kang gang gang gang gang gang garng gaang ganq kaŋ
ㄎㄤ k'ang kang kang kang kang kang karng kaang kanq kʰaŋ
ㄍㄠ kao gau gau gao gao gau gaur gao gaw kau
ㄎㄠ k'ao kau kau kao kao kau kaur kao kaw kʰau
ㄍㄟ kei gei gei gei gei gei geir geei gey kei
ㄎㄟ k'ei kei kei kei kei kei keir keei key kʰei
ㄍㄣ ken gen gen gen gen gen gern geen genn ken
ㄎㄣ k'en ken ken ken ken ken kern keen kenn kʰen
ㄍㄥ keng geng geng geng geng geng gerng geeng genq keŋ
ㄎㄥ k'eng keng keng keng keng keng kerng keeng kenq kʰeŋ
ㄍㄜ ko ge ge ge ge ge ger gee geh
ㄎㄜ k'o ke ke ke ke ke ker kee keh kʰə
ㄍㄡ kou gou gou gou gou gou gour goou gow kou
ㄎㄡ k'ou kou kou kou kou kou kour koou kow kʰou
ㄍㄨ ku gu gu gu gu gu gwu guu guh ku
ㄎㄨ k'u ku ku ku ku ku kwu kuu kuh kʰu
ㄍㄨㄚ kua gua gwa gua gua gua gwa goa guah k
ㄎㄨㄚ k'ua kua kwa kua kua kua kwa koa kuah
ㄍㄨㄞ kuai guai gwai guai guai guai gwai goai guay k
ㄎㄨㄞ k'uai kuai kwai kuai kuai kuai kwai koai kuay
ㄍㄨㄢ kuan guan gwan guan guan guan gwan goan guann kuan
ㄎㄨㄢ k'uan kuan kwan kuan kuan kuan kwan koan kuann kʰuan
ㄍㄨㄤ kuang guang gwang guang guang guang gwang goang guanq k
ㄎㄨㄤ k'uang kuang kwang kuang kuang kuang kwang koang kuanq
ㄍㄨㄟ kuei guei gwei guei gui guei gwei goei guey kuei
ㄎㄨㄟ k'uei kuei kwei kuei kui kuei kwei koei kuey kʰuei
ㄍㄨㄣ kun guen gwun gun gun guen gwen goen guenn k
ㄎㄨㄣ k'un kuen kwen kun kun kuen kwen koen kuenn
ㄍㄨㄥ kung gung gung gong gong gong gorng goong gonq kʊŋ
ㄎㄨㄥ k'ung kung kung kong kong kong korng koong konq kʰʊŋ
ㄍㄨㄛ kuo guo gwo guo guo guo gwo guoo guoh kuɔ
ㄎㄨㄛ k'uo kuo kwo kuo kuo kuo kwo kuoo kuoh kʰuɔ
ㄌㄚ la la la la la lha la laa lah la
ㄌㄞ lai lai lai lai lai lhai lai lae lay lai
ㄌㄢ lan lan lan lan lan lhan lan laan lann lan
ㄌㄤ lang lang lang lang lang lhang lang laang lanq laŋ
ㄌㄠ lao lau lau lao lao lhau lau lao law lau
ㄌㄜ le le le le le lhe le lee leh
ㄌㄟ lei lei lei lei lei lhei lei leei ley lei
ㄌㄥ leng leng leng leng leng lheng leng leeng lenq leŋ
ㄌㄧ li li li li li lhi li lii lih li
ㄌㄧㄚ lia lia lya lia lia lhia lia lea liah l
ㄌㄧㄤ liang liang lyang liang liang lhiang liang leang lianq l
ㄌㄧㄠ liao liau lyau liao liao lhiau liau leau liaw l
ㄌㄧㄝ lieh lie lye lie lie lhie lie liee lieh liɛ
ㄌㄧㄢ lien lian lyan lian lian lhian lian lean liann liɛn
ㄌㄧㄣ lin lin lin lin lin lhin lin liin linn lɪn
ㄌㄧㄥ ling ling ling ling ling lhing ling liing linq liŋ
ㄌㄧㄡ liu liou lyou liou liu lhiou liou leou liow liou
ㄌㄛ lo lo lo lo lo lho lo loo loh
ㄌㄨㄛ lo luo lwo luo luo lhuo luo luoo luoh luɔ
ㄌㄡ lou lou lou lou lou lhou lou loou low lou
ㄌㄨ lu lu lu lu lu lhu lu luu luh lu
ㄌㄨㄢ luan luan lwan luan luan lhuan luan loan luann luan
ㄌㄨㄣ lun luen lwun lun lun lhuen luen loen luenn l
ㄌㄨㄥ lung lung lung long long lhong long loong lonq lʊŋ
ㄌㄩ liu lyu lyu lhiu liu leu liuh ly
ㄌㄩㄝ lüeh liue lywe lyue lüe lhiue liue leue liueh lyuɛ
ㄌㄩㄣ lün liun lyun lyun lün lhiun liun leun liunn lyn
ㄇㄚ ma ma ma ma ma mha ma maa mah ma
ㄇㄞ mai mai mai mai mai mhai mai mae may mai
ㄇㄢ man man man man man mhan man maan mann man
ㄇㄤ mang mang mang mang mang mhang mang maang manq maŋ
ㄇㄠ mao mau mau mao mao mhau mau mao maw mau
ㄇㄜ me me me me me mhe me mee meh
ㄇㄟ mei mei mei mei mei mhei mei meei mey mei
ㄇㄣ men men men men men mhen men meen menn men
ㄇㄥ meng meng meng meng meng mheng meng meeng menq meŋ
ㄇㄧ mi mi mi mi mi mhi mi mii mih mi
ㄇㄧㄠ miao miau myau miao miao mhiau miau meau miaw m
ㄇㄧㄝ mieh mie mye mie mie mhie mie miee mieh miɛ
ㄇㄧㄢ mien mian myan mian mian mhian mian mean miann miɛn
ㄇㄧㄣ min min min min min mhin min miin minn mɪn
ㄇㄧㄥ ming ming ming ming ming mhing ming miing minq miŋ
ㄇㄧㄡ miu miou myou miou miu mhiou miou meou miow miou
ㄇㄛ mo mo mwo mo mo mho mo moo moh
ㄇㄡ mou mou mou mou mou mhou mou moou mow mou
ㄇㄨ mu mu mu mu mu mhu mu muu muh mu
ㄋㄚ na na na na na nha na naa nah na
ㄋㄞ nai nai nai nai nai nhai nai nae nay nai
ㄋㄢ nan nan nan nan nan nhan nan naan nann nan
ㄋㄤ nang nang nang nang nang nhang nang naang nanq naŋ
ㄋㄠ nao nau nau nao nao nhau nau nao naw nau
ㄋㄜ ne ne ne ne ne nhe ne nee neh
ㄋㄟ nei nei nei nei nei nhei nei neei ney nei
ㄋㄣ nen nen nen nen nen nhen nen neen nenn nen
ㄋㄥ neng neng neng neng neng nheng neng neeng nenq neŋ
ㄋㄧ ni ni ni ni ni nhi ni nii nih ni
ㄋㄧㄚ nia nia nya nia nia nhia nia niaa niah n
ㄋㄧㄤ niang niang nyang niang niang nhiang niang neang nianq n
ㄋㄧㄠ niao niau nyau niao niao nhiau niau neau niaw n
ㄋㄧㄝ nieh nie nye nie nie nhie nie niee nieh niɛ
ㄋㄧㄢ nien nian nyan nian nian nhian nian nean niann niɛn
ㄋㄧㄣ nin nin nin nin nin nhin nin niin ninn nɪn
ㄋㄧㄥ ning ning ning ning ning nhing ning niing ninq niŋ
ㄋㄧㄡ niu niou nyou niou niu nhiou niou neou niow niou
ㄋㄨㄛ no nuo nwo nuo nuo nhuo nuo nuoo nuoh nuɔ
ㄋㄡ nou nou nou nou nou nhou nou noou now nou
ㄋㄨ nu nu nu nu nu nhu nu nuu nuh nu
ㄋㄨㄢ nuan nuan nwan nuan nuan nhuan nuan noan nuann nuan
ㄋㄨㄣ nun nuen nwen nun nun nhuen nuen noen nuenn n
ㄋㄨㄥ nung nung nung nong nong nhong nong noong nonq nʊŋ
ㄋㄩ niu nyu nyu nhiu niu neu niuh ny
ㄋㄩㄝ nüeh niue nywe nyue nüe nhiue niue neue niueh nyuɛ
ou ou ou ou ou ou our oou ow ou
ㄅㄚ pa ba ba ba ba ba bar baa bah pa
ㄆㄚ p'a pa pa pa pa pa par paa pah pʰa
ㄅㄞ pai bai bai bai bai bai bair bae bay pai
ㄆㄞ p'ai pai pai pai pai pai pair pae pay pʰai
ㄅㄢ pan ban ban ban ban ban barn baan bann pan
ㄆㄢ p'an pan pan pan pan pan parn paan pann pʰan
ㄅㄤ pang bang bang bang bang bang barng baang banq paŋ
ㄆㄤ p'ang pang pang pang pang pang parng paang panq pʰaŋ
ㄅㄠ pao bau bau bao bao bau baur bao baw pau
ㄆㄠ p'ao pau pau pao pao pau paur pao paw pʰau
ㄅㄟ pei bei bei bei bei bei beir beei bey pei
ㄆㄟ p'ei pei pei pei pei pei peir peei pey pʰei
ㄅㄣ pen ben ben ben ben ben bern been benn pen
ㄆㄣ p'en pen pen pen pen pen pern peen penn pʰen
ㄅㄥ peng beng beng beng beng beng berng beeng benq peŋ
ㄆㄥ p'eng peng peng peng peng peng perng peeng penq pʰeŋ
ㄅㄧ pi bi bi bi bi bi byi bii bih pi
ㄆㄧ p'i pi pi pi pi pi pyi pii pih pʰi
ㄅㄧㄠ piao biau byau biao biao biau byau beau biaw p
ㄆㄧㄠ p'iao piau pyau piao piao piau pyau peau piaw
ㄅㄧㄝ pieh bie bye bie bie bie bye biee bieh piɛ
ㄆㄧㄝ p'ieh pie pye pie pie pie pye piee pieh pʰiɛ
ㄅㄧㄢ pien bian byan bian bian bian byan bean biann piɛn
ㄆㄧㄢ p'ien pian pyan pian pian pian pyan pean piann pʰiɛn
ㄅㄧㄣ pin bin bin bin bin bin byn biin binn pɪn
ㄆㄧㄣ p'in pin pin pin pin pin pyn piin pinn pʰɪn
ㄅㄧㄥ ping bing bing bing bing bing byng biing binq piŋ
ㄆㄧㄥ p'ing ping ping ping ping ping pyng piing pinq pʰiŋ
ㄅㄛ po bo bwo bo bo bo bor boo boh
ㄆㄛ p'o po pwo po po po por poo poh pʰɔ
ㄆㄡ p'ou pou pou pou pou pou pour poou pow pʰou
ㄅㄨ pu bu bu bu bu bu bwu buu buh pu
ㄆㄨ p'u pu pu pu pu pu pwu puu puh pʰu
ㄙㄚ sa sa sa sa sa sa sar saa sah sa
ㄙㄞ sai sai sai sai sai sai sair sae say sai
ㄙㄢ san san san san san san sarn saan sann san
ㄙㄤ sang sang sang sang sang sang sarng saang sanq saŋ
ㄙㄠ sao sau sau sao sao sau saur sao saw sau
ㄙㄜ se se se se se se ser see seh
ㄙㄟ sei sei sei sei sei sei seir seei sey sei
ㄙㄣ sen sen sen sen sen sen sern seen senn sen
ㄙㄥ seng seng seng seng seng seng serng seeng senq seŋ
ㄕㄚ sha sha sha sha sha sha shar shaa shah ʂa
ㄕㄞ shai shai shai shai shai shai shair shae shay ʂai
ㄕㄢ shan shan shan shan shan shan sharn shaan shann ʂan
ㄕㄤ shang shang shang shang shang shang sharng shaang shanq ʂaŋ
ㄕㄠ shao shau shau shao shao shau shaur shao shaw ʂau
ㄕㄜ she she she she she she sher shee sheh ʂə
ㄕㄟ shei shei shei shei shei shei sheir sheei shey ʂei
ㄕㄣ shen shen shen shen shen shen shern sheen shenn ʂen
ㄕㄥ sheng sheng sheng sheng sheng sheng sherng sheeng shenq ʂeŋ
shih shr shr shih shi shy shyr shyy shyh ʂ
ㄕㄡ shou shou shou shou shou shou shour shoou show ʂou
ㄕㄨ shu shu shu shu shu shu shwu shuu shuh ʂu
ㄕㄨㄚ shua shua shwa shua shua shua shwa shoa shuah ʂ
ㄕㄨㄞ shuai shuai shwai shuai shuai shuai shwai shoai shuay ʂ
ㄕㄨㄢ shuan shuan shwan shuan shuan shuan shwan shoan shuann ʂuan
ㄕㄨㄤ shuang shuang shwang shuang shuang shuang shwang shoang shuanq ʂ
ㄕㄨㄟ shui shuei shwei shuei shui shuei shwei shoei shuey ʂuei
ㄕㄨㄣ shun shuen shwun shun shun shuen shwen shoen shuenn ʂ
ㄕㄨㄥ shung shung shung shong shong shong shorng shoong shonq ʂʊŋ
ㄕㄨㄛ shuo shuo shwo shuo shuo shuo shwo shuoo shuoh ʂuɔ
ㄙㄨㄛ so suo swo suo suo suo swo suoo suoh suɔ
ㄙㄡ sou sou sou sou sou sou sour soou sow sou
ssu sz sz sih si sy syr syy syh s
ㄙㄨ su su su su su su swu suu suh su
ㄙㄨㄢ suan suan swan suan suan suan swan soan suann suan
ㄙㄨㄟ sui suei swei suei sui suei swei soei suey suei
ㄙㄨㄣ sun suen swen sun sun suen swen soen suenn s
ㄙㄨㄥ sung sung sung song song song sorng soong sonq sʊŋ
ㄉㄚ ta da da da da da dar daa dah ta
ㄊㄚ t'a ta ta ta ta ta tar taa tah tʰa
ㄉㄞ tai dai dai dai dai dai dair dae day tai
ㄊㄞ t'ai tai tai tai tai tai tair tae tay tʰai
ㄉㄢ tan dan dan dan dan dan darn daan dann tan
ㄊㄢ t'an tan tan tan tan tan tarn taan tann tʰan
ㄉㄤ tang dang dang dang dang dang darng daang danq taŋ
ㄊㄤ t'ang tang tang tang tang tang tarng taang tanq tʰaŋ
ㄉㄠ tao dau dau dao dao dau daur dao daw tau
ㄊㄠ t'ao tau tau tao tao tau taur tao taw tʰau
ㄉㄜ te de de de de de der dee deh
ㄊㄜ t'e te te te te te ter tee teh tʰə
ㄉㄟ tei dei dei dei dei dei deir deei dey tei
ㄉㄣ ten den den den den den dern deen denn ten
ㄉㄥ teng deng deng deng deng deng derng deeng denq teŋ
ㄊㄥ t'eng teng teng teng teng teng terng teeng tenq tʰeŋ
ㄉㄧ ti di di di di di dyi dii dih ti
ㄊㄧ t'i ti ti ti ti ti tyi tii tih tʰi
ㄉㄧㄤ tiang diang dyang diang diang diang dyang deang dianq t
ㄉㄧㄠ tiao diau dyau diao diao diau dyau deau diaw t
ㄊㄧㄠ t'iao tiau tyau tiao tiao tiau tyau teau tiaw
ㄉㄧㄝ tieh die dye die die die dye diee dieh tiɛ
ㄊㄧㄝ t'ieh tie tye tie tie tie tye tiee tieh tʰiɛ
ㄉㄧㄢ tien dian dyan dian dian dian dyan dean diann tiɛn
ㄊㄧㄢ t'ien tian tyan tian tian tian tyan tean tiann tʰiɛn
ㄉㄧㄥ ting ding ding ding ding ding dyng diing dinq tiŋ
ㄊㄧㄥ t'ing ting ting ting ting ting tyng tiing tinq tʰiŋ
ㄉㄧㄡ tiu diou dyou diou diu diou dyou deou diow tiou
ㄉㄨㄛ to duo dwo duo duo duo dwo duoo duoh tuɔ
ㄊㄨㄛ t'o tuo two tuo tuo tuo two tuoo tuoh tʰuɔ
ㄉㄡ tou dou dou dou dou dou dour doou dow tou
ㄊㄡ t'ou tou tou tou tou tou tour toou tow tʰou
ㄗㄚ tsa tza dza za za tza tzar tzaa tzah tsa
ㄘㄚ ts'a tsa tsa ca ca tsa tsar tsaa tsah tsʰa
ㄗㄞ tsai tzai dzai zai zai tzai tzair tzae tzay tsai
ㄘㄞ ts'ai tsai tsai cai cai tsai tsair tsae tsay tsʰai
ㄗㄢ tsan tzan dzan zan zan tzan tzarn tzaan tzann tsan
ㄘㄢ ts'an tsan tsan can can tsan tsarn tsaan tsann tsʰan
ㄗㄤ tsang tzang dzang zang zang tzang tzarng tzaang tzanq tsaŋ
ㄘㄤ ts'ang tsang tsang cang cang tsang tsarng tsaang tsanq tsʰaŋ
ㄗㄠ tsao tzau dzau zao zao tzau tzaur tzao tzaw tsau
ㄘㄠ ts'ao tsau tsau cao cao tsau tsaur tsao tsaw tsʰau
ㄗㄜ tse tze dze ze ze tze tzer tzee tzeh tsə
ㄘㄜ ts'e tse tse ce ce tse tser tsee tseh tsʰə
ㄗㄟ tsei tzei dzei zei zei tzei tzeir tzeei tzey tsei
ㄗㄣ tsen tzen dzen zen zen tzen tzern tzeen tzenn tsen
ㄘㄣ ts'en tsen tsen cen cen tsen tsern tseen tsenn tsʰen
ㄗㄥ tseng tzeng dzeng zeng zeng tzeng tzerng tzeeng tzenq tseŋ
ㄘㄥ ts'eng tseng tseng ceng ceng tseng tserng tseeng tsenq tsʰeŋ
ㄗㄨㄛ tso tzuo dzwo zuo zuo tzuo tzwo tzuoo tzuoh tsuɔ
ㄘㄨㄛ ts'o tsuo tswo cuo cuo tsuo tswo tsuoo tsuoh tsʰuɔ
ㄗㄡ tsou tzou dzou zou zou tzou tzour tzoou tzow tsou
ㄘㄡ ts'ou tsou tsou cou cou tsou tsour tsoou tsow tsʰou
ㄗㄨ tsu tzu dzu zu zu tzu tzwu tzuu tzuh tsu
ㄘㄨ ts'u tsu tsu cu cu tsu tswu tsuu tsuh tsʰu
ㄗㄨㄢ tsuan tzuan dzwan zuan zuan tzuan tzwan tzoan tzuann tsuan
ㄘㄨㄢ ts'uan tsuan tswan cuan cuan tsuan tswan tsoan tsuann tsʰuan
ㄗㄨㄟ tsui tzuei dzwei zuei zui tzuei tzwei tzoei tzuey tsuei
ㄘㄨㄟ ts'ui tsuei tswei cuei cui tsuei tswei tsoei tsuey tsʰuei
ㄗㄨㄣ tsun tzuen dzwen zun zun tzuen tzwen tzoen tzuenn ts
ㄘㄨㄣ ts'un tsuen tswen cun cun tsuen tswen tsoen tsuenn tsʰ
ㄗㄨㄥ tsung tzung dzung zong zong tzong tzorng tzoong tzonq tsʊŋ
ㄘㄨㄥ ts'ung tsung tsung cong cong tsong tsorng tsoong tsonq tsʰʊŋ
ㄉㄨ tu du du du du du dwu duu duh tu
ㄊㄨ t'u tu tu tu tu tu twu tuu tuh tʰu
ㄉㄨㄢ tuan duan dwan duan duan duan dwan doan duann tuan
ㄊㄨㄢ t'uan tuan twan tuan tuan tuan twan toan tuann tʰuan
ㄉㄨㄟ tui duei dwei duei dui duei dwei doei duey tuei
ㄊㄨㄟ t'ui tuei twei tuei tui tuei twei toei tuey tʰuei
ㄉㄨㄣ tun duen dwen dun dun duen dwen doen duenn t
ㄊㄨㄣ t'un tuen twen tun tun tuen twen toen tuenn
ㄉㄨㄥ tung dung dung dong dong dong dorng doong donq tʊŋ
ㄊㄨㄥ t'ung tung tung tong tong tong torng toong tonq tʰʊŋ
tzu tz dz zih zi tzy tzyr tzyy tzyh ts
tz'u tsz tsz cih ci tsy tsyr tsyy tsyh tsʰ
ㄨㄚ wa wa wa wa wa ua wa waa wah
ㄨㄞ wai wai wai wai wai uai wai woai way
ㄨㄢ wan wan wan wan wan uan wan woan wann uan
ㄨㄤ wang wang wang wang wang uang wang woang wanq
ㄨㄟ wei wei wei wei wei uei wei woei wey uei
ㄨㄣ wen wen wen wun wen uen wen woen wenn
ㄨㄥ weng weng weng wong weng ueng weng woeng wenq ueŋ
ㄨㄛ wo wo wo wo wo uo wo woo woh
wu wu wu wu wu u wu wuu wuh u
ㄧㄚ ya ya ya ya ya ia ya yea yah
ㄧㄢ yan yan yan yan yan ian yan yean yann iɛn
ㄧㄤ yang yang yang yang yang iang yang yeang yanq
ㄧㄠ yao yau yau yao yao iau yau yeau yaw
ㄧㄝ yeh ye ye ye ye ie ye yee yeh
ㄧㄣ yin yin yin yin yin in yn yiin yinn ɪn
ㄧㄥ ying ying ying ying ying ing yng yiing yinq
ㄧㄡ yu you you you you iou you yeou yow iou
ㄩㄥ yung yung yung yong yong iong yong yeong yonq yʊŋ
yu yu yu yu iu yu yeu yuh y
ㄩㄢ yüan yuan ywan yuan yuan iuan yuan yeuan yuann yɛn
ㄩㄝ yüeh yue ywe yue yue iue yue yeue yueh yuɛ
ㄩㄣ yün yun yun yun yun iun yun yeun yunn yn

Famous quotes containing the words comparison of, systems and/or comparison:

    But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    The geometry of landscape and situation seems to create its own systems of time, the sense of a dynamic element which is cinematising the events of the canvas, translating a posture or ceremony into dynamic terms. The greatest movie of the 20th century is the Mona Lisa, just as the greatest novel is Gray’s Anatomy.
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    What is man in nature? A nothing in comparison with the infinite, an all in comparison with the nothing—a mean between nothing and everything.
    Blaise Pascal (1623–1662)