In science, cognition is a group of mental processes that includes attention, memory, producing and understanding language, learning, reasoning, problem solving, and decision making. Various disciplines, such as psychology, philosophy, linguistics, science, and computer science all study cognition. However, the term's usage varies across disciplines; for example, in psychology and cognitive science, "cognition" usually refers to an information processing view of an individual's psychological functions. It is also used in a branch of social psychology called social cognition to explain attitudes, attribution, and groups dynamics.

Cognition is a faculty for the processing of information, applying knowledge, and changing preferences. Cognition, or cognitive processes, can be natural or artificial, conscious or unconscious. These processes are analyzed from different perspectives within different contexts, notably in the fields of linguistics, anesthesia, neurology and psychiatry, psychology, philosophy, anthropology, systemics, computer science, and creed. Within psychology or philosophy, the concept of cognition is closely related to abstract concepts such as mind, intelligence. It encompasses the mental functions, mental processes (thoughts), and states of intelligent entities (humans, collaborative groups, human organizations, highly autonomous machines, and artificial intelligences).

Read more about Cognition:  Etymology, Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development, Psychology, Social Process

Other articles related to "cognition":

Cognition - Social Process
... newborn will be socialized and develop his cognition ... has the explicit task in society of developing cognition ... From a large systemic perspective, cognition is considered closely related to the social and human organization functioning and constrains ...
Leonid Perlovsky - Physics of The Mind
... between bottom-up signals and top-down signals, which is the essence of perception, cognition, and concept formation mechanisms of instincts and emotions, and their ...
Madhyamākalaṃkāra - Five Assertions - Second Assertion
... consciousness can be aware of the objects of cognition ... awareness is an existent, separate thing from the objects of cognition ... Mipham later qualified the meaning to be that within conventions we can say that all cognition is self-aware of itself and not a separate material ...
Madhyamākalaṃkāra - Five Assertions - First Assertion
... uses the Sautrantika distinction that objects of cognition can be of two kinds abstract mental objects which are merely theoretical - including generalities like classes of objects and labels for them - and then ... objects completely and then discusses the objects of cognition of actual things as conventional truth ... Further, he incorporates Dharmakirti's valid cognition that analyzes conventionalities but also connects that with valid cognition that analyzes for ...
Sara Shettleworth
... Her research focusses on animal cognition ... specializations of learning and the evolution of cognition ... Shettleworth was honoured by the Comparative Cognition Society at their 2008 annual meeting for her contributions to the study of animal cognition ...

Famous quotes containing the word cognition:

    There can be no knowledge without emotion. We may be aware of a truth, yet until we have felt its force, it is not ours. To the cognition of the brain must be added the experience of the soul.
    Arnold Bennett (1867–1931)

    Intuitive cognition of a thing is cognition that enables us to know whether the thing exists or does not exist, in such a way that, if the thing exists, then the intellect immediately judges that it exists and evidently knows that it exists, unless the judgment happens to be impeded through the imperfection of this cognition.
    William of Occam (c. 1285–1349)

    Socratic man believes that all virtue is cognition, and that all that is needed to do what is right is to know what is right. This does not hold for Mosaic man who is informed with the profound experience that cognition is never enough, that the deepest part of him must be seized by the teachings, that for realization to take place his elemental totality must submit to the spirit as clay to the potter.
    Martin Buber (1878–1965)