Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-military aviation, both private and commercial. Most of the countries in the world are members of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and work together to establish common standards and recommended practices for civil aviation through that agency.
Civil aviation includes two major categories:
- Scheduled air transport, including all passenger and cargo flights operating on regularly scheduled routes; and
- General aviation (GA), including all other civil flights, private or commercial
Although scheduled air transport is the larger operation in terms of passenger numbers, GA is larger in the number of flights (and flight hours, in the U.S.) In the U.S., GA carries 166 million passengers each year, more than any individual airline, though less than all the airlines combined.
Some countries also make a regulatory distinction based on whether aircraft are flown for hire like:
- Commercial aviation includes most or all flying done for hire, particularly scheduled service on airlines; and
- Private aviation includes pilots flying for their own purposes (recreation, business meetings, etc.) without receiving any kind of remuneration.
All scheduled air transport is commercial, but general aviation can be either commercial or private. Normally, the pilot, aircraft, and operator must all be authorized to perform commercial operations through separate commercial licensing, registration, and operation certificates..
Other articles related to "civil aviation, aviation, civil":
... The International Civil Aviation Organization has recommended that all aviation authorities implement SMS regulatory structures ... occupational safety focus of SMS, the ICAO focus is to use SMS for managing aviation safety ... The Federal Aviation Administration has also required that all FAA services and offices adopt a common Aviation Safety (AVS)Safety Management System (AVSSMS) ...
... The Convention on International Civil Aviation (the "Chicago Convention") was originally established in 1944 it states that signatories should collectively work to ... Each signatory country, of which there are at least 188, has a civil aviation authority (such as the FAA in the United States) to oversee the following areas of civil aviation Personnel ... and certificates of airworthiness to civil aircraft, and overseeing the safety of aircraft maintenance organizations ...
... foment and regulate the development, coverage, and growth of civil aviation, and the industry and research of aeronautics, to guarantee national and ... regulation, and control of the development of civil aviation, guaranteeing the observance of national and international standards and the improvement of the use and conditions of ... airport administration, in accordance with the national and international standards of civil aviation ...
... Civil Aviation Flight University of China (simplified Chinese 中国民用航空飞行学院 traditional Chinese 中國民用航空飛行學院 pinyin Zhōngg ... It is under the direct jurisdiction of China Civil Aviation Authority (CAAC) ...
... During the early 1990s the growth of civil aviation and commercial airlines created the need for their regulation and oversight ... the first form of legislation in the country dealing with aviation, making aviation companies, and everything related to aviation subject to government regulations ... This decree ascribed matters of civil aviation to the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce, the next year however, Decree 1682 of 1934, expedited by the newly elect President Alfonso López Pumarejo ...
Famous quotes containing the word civil:
“Over thy wounds now do I prophesy
A curse shall light upon the limbs of men,
Domestic fury and fierce civil strife
Shall cumber all the parts of Italy.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)