Citizenship Clause

The Citizenship Clause (also known as the Naturalization Clause) refers to the first sentence of Section 1 in the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. This clause represented Congress's reversal of that portion of the Dred Scott v. Sandford decision that declared that African Americans were not and could not become citizens of the United States or enjoy any of the privileges and immunities of citizenship.

The Civil Rights Act of 1866 had already granted U.S. citizenship to all persons born in the United States "not subject to any foreign power." The 39th Congress proposed the principle underlying the Citizenship Clause due to concerns expressed about the constitutionality of the Civil Rights Act during floor debates in Congress. Further, the Framers sought a ratified constitutional amendment to protect the principle from repeal by any simple majority within a future Congress.

Read more about Citizenship ClauseText, Senate Debate, Birthright Citizenship, Loss of Citizenship, Right To Travel, Natural-born Citizens

Other articles related to "citizenship, citizenship clause":

United States V. Wong Kim Ark - Subsequent Developments - Legislative Attempts To Overturn Wong Kim Ark
... serve as links to permit legal residency and eventual citizenship for family members who would otherwise be ineligible to remain in the country, bills have been introduced ... As one example among many, the "Birthright Citizenship Act of 2009"—introduced in the House of Representatives of the 111th Congress as H.R ... of the United States for purposes of the Citizenship Clause ...
United States V. Wong Kim Ark - Subsequent Developments - Wong Kim Ark and Children of Illegal Aliens
... See also Birthright citizenship in the United States#Current controversy, Illegal immigration to the United States, and Consensual citizenship Since the 1990s, controversy has arisen in some ... Wong Kim Ark does not entitle U.S.-born children of illegal immigrants to gain automatic citizenship because, in his opinion, being subject to the jurisdiction of the United States ... in the way it dealt with the concept of jurisdiction, and that the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924—which followed Wong Kim Ark—would not have been necessary if Congress had believed "that the ...
United States V. Wong Kim Ark - Background - The Citizenship Clause and The Courts
... of the Fourteenth Amendment, and prior to the Wong Kim Ark case, the question of jus soli citizenship for children of aliens arose only with reference to ... Wilkins) that an Indian born on a reservation did not acquire United States citizenship at birth (because he was not subject to U.S ... jurisdiction) and could not claim citizenship later on merely by moving to non-reservation U.S ...
Fourteenth Amendment To The United States Constitution - Citizenship and Civil Rights - Citizenship Clause - Loss of Citizenship
... Loss of national citizenship is possible only under the following circumstances Fraud in the naturalization process ... Technically, this is not loss of citizenship but rather a voiding of the purported naturalization and a declaration that the immigrant never was a United States citizen ... Voluntary relinquishment of citizenship ...
Citizenship Clause - Natural-born Citizens
... Section 1 of Article Two of the United States Constitution requires that a candidate for President of the United States be a "natural-born citizen" ... According to the US Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual "the fact that someone is a natural born citizen (citizen at birth) pursuant to a statute does not necessarily imply that he or she is such a citizen for Constitutional purposes." The majority opinion by Justice Horace Gray in United States v ...

Famous quotes containing the words clause and/or citizenship:

    Long ago I added to the true old adage of “What is everybody’s business is nobody’s business,” another clause which, I think, more than any other principle has served to influence my actions in life. That is, What is nobody’s business is my business.
    Clara Barton (1821–1912)

    I would wish that the women of our country could embrace ... [the responsibilities] of citizenship as peculiarly their own. If they could apply their higher sense of service and responsibility, their freshness of enthusiasm, their capacity for organization to this problem, it would become, as it should become, an issue of profound patriotism. The whole plane of political life would be lifted.
    Herbert Hoover (1874–1964)