The Cherokee (/ˈtʃɛrəkiː/; Cherokee: ᏣᎳᎩ Tsalagi) are a Native American people historically settled in the Southeastern United States (principally Georgia, the Carolinas, and East Tennessee). Linguistically, they are part of the Iroquoian language family. In the 19th century, historians and ethnographers recorded their oral tradition that told of the tribe having migrated south in ancient times from the Great Lakes region, where other Iroquoian-speaking peoples were located. They began to have contact with European traders in the 18th century.

In the 19th century, white settlers in the United States called the Cherokee one of the "Five Civilized Tribes", because they had assimilated numerous cultural and technological practices of European American settlers. The Cherokee were one of the first, if not the first, major non-European ethnic group to become U.S. citizens. Article 8 in the 1817 treaty with the Cherokee stated Cherokees may wish to become citizen of the United States. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the Cherokee Nation has more than 300,000 members, the largest of the 565 federally recognized Native American tribes in the United States.

Of the three federally recognized Cherokee tribes, the Cherokee Nation and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians (UKB) have headquarters in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. The UKB are mostly descendants of "Old Settlers", Cherokee who migrated to Arkansas and Oklahoma about 1817. The Cherokee Nation are related to the people who were forcibly relocated there in the 1830s under the Indian Removal Act. The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is located on the Qualla Boundary in western North Carolina.

In addition, there are Cherokee bands in the Southeast that are recognized as tribes by state governments, such as the Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama, but not the U.S. federal government.

Read more about Cherokee:  Name, Origins, Early Cultures, Language and Writing System, Contemporary Settlement, Cherokee in History

Other articles related to "cherokee":

Cherokee Moons Ceremonies
... The Cherokee Moons Ceremonies were the ancient seasonal round of ceremonies practiced during ancient times by the Ah-ni-yv-wi-ya or 'Principle People' in the ancient culture ... there are actually 13 cycles or phases of the moon in the Cherokee Calendar ... and encouraged social gatherings among the Cherokee Clans and Cherokee Society in the ancient culture ...
Joel B. Mayes - Cherokee Chief
... He was named Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation after a disputed election in 1887 ... It was during his administration that the Cherokee Outlet sale was negotiated ... by Dennis Bushyhead Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation 1887–1891 Succeeded by C ...
Geology Of Kansas - Physiographic Regions - Cherokee Lowlands
... The Cherokee lowlands is a region of southeast Kansas immediately north and west of the Ozark plateau in Cherokee, Labette, Crawford and Bourbon Counties ... lowlands are developed on areas of gently rolling hils developed on the shale and sandstone of the Cherokee Group of Pennsylvanian age ... The Cherokee Group is noted for rich deposits of coal in Kansas and across the midwestern United States ...
Cherokee, California - Demographics
... The 2010 United States Census reported that Cherokee had a population of 69 ... The racial makeup of Cherokee was 48 (70%) White, 0 African American, 2 (3%) Native American, 8 (12%) Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 0 from other races, and 11 (16 ...
Customs and Functions of The Cherokee Clans
... The Cherokee society was historically a matrilineal society meaning children belong to the mother's clan, and hereditary leadership and property were passed through the maternal line ... Traditionally, women were considered the head of household among the Cherokee, with the home and children belonging to her should she separate from a husband, and ... In addition, Cherokee society tended to be matrilocal, meaning that once married a couple moved in with or near the bride's family ...

Famous quotes containing the word cherokee:

    A Cherokee is too smart to put anything in the contribution box of a race that’s robbed him of his birthright.
    Howard Estabrook (1884–1978)

    Long accustomed to the use of European manufactures, [the Cherokee Indians] are as incapable of returning to their habits of skins and furs as we are, and find their wants the less tolerable as they are occasioned by a war [the American Revolution] the event of which is scarcely interesting to them.
    Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826)