In epidemiology, a case fatality rate (CFR) — or case fatality ratio or just fatality rate — is the ratio of deaths within a designated population of "cases" (people with a medical condition), over the course of the disease. A CFR is conventionally expressed as a percentage. CFRs are most often used for diseases with discrete, limited time courses, such as outbreaks of acute infections.
For example: Assume 9 deaths among 100 people in a community all diagnosed with the same disease. This means that among the 100 people formally diagnosed with the disease, 9 died and 91 recovered, or have not died yet. The CFR, therefore, would be 9%.
A mortality rate — often confused with a CFR — is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. (For example, a rate of 50 deaths per 10,000 population in a year resulting from diabetes. The mortality rate, therefore, would be 50:10,000 or 5:1,000.) Technically, CFRs are actually risks (or "incidence proportions"), not incidence rates. If one wants to be very precise, the term "case fatality rate" is incorrect, because the time from disease onset to death is not taken into account. Nevertheless, the term case fatality rate (and the abbreviation "CFR") is often used in scientific literature.
Read more about Case Fatality Rate: Examples
Other articles related to "case fatality rates, case fatality rate, case fatality, fatality rate, case, cases, rate, fatality rates":
... The overall strategies to substantially reduce the overall burden of morbidity and case fatality rates remained comprehensive approach to vector control, early ... in the malaria morbidity from 22% to 10% and malaria case fatality rate in age groups of 5 years and above from 4.5% to 2% and in the under 5 children ... In-patient case fatality rate of malaria in age group >5 years is 3.3%, while the case fatality rate of malaria in age group ...
... In epidemiology, a case fatality risk (CFR) — or case fatality rate, case fatality ratio or just fatality rate — is the proportion of deaths within a designated population of "case ... If some of the cases have not yet resolved (either died or recovered) at the time of analysis, this could lead to bias in estimating the CFR ... A mortality rate — often confused with a CFR — is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a population, scaled to the size ...
... The overall case-fatality rate for ordinary-type smallpox is about 30%, but varies by pock distribution ordinary type-confluent is fatal about 50–75% of the time ... The overall fatality rate for children younger than 1 year of age is 40–50% ... Hemorrhagic and flat types have the highest fatality rates ...
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