Carl Gustav Jung (/ˈjʊŋ/ YUUNG; ; 26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist who founded analytical psychology. Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious. His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion, literature, and related fields.
Individuation is the central concept of analytical psychology. Jung considered individuation, the psychological process of integrating the opposites, including the conscious with the unconscious while still maintaining their relative autonomy, to be the central process of human development.
Jung created some of the best known psychological concepts, including the archetype, the collective unconscious, the complex, and synchronicity. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), a popular psychometric instrument, has been developed from Jung's theories.
Jung saw the human psyche as "by nature religious", and made this religiousness the focus of his explorations. Jung is one of the best known contemporary contributors to dream analysis and symbolization.
Though he was a practicing clinician and considered himself to be a scientist, much of his life's work was spent exploring tangential areas, including Eastern and Western philosophy, alchemy, astrology, and sociology, as well as literature and the arts. His interest in philosophy and the occult led many to view him as a mystic.
Other articles related to "carl jung, jung":
... At the turn of the 20th century, during these decisive years, a young Swiss psychiatrist named Carl Jung had been following Freud’s writings and had ... That year, Freud invited Jung to visit him in Vienna ... Carl Jung's contributions in psychodynamic psychology include The psyche tends toward wholeness ...
... Carl Jung's doctoral dissertation was not medical research but the investigation of a medium, his maternal cousin, Hélène Preiswerk ... Jung showed a willingness to take Spiritualism seriously at this formative stage in his life and the early experiences with Hélène Preiswerk suggest a credence ... The spiritualist narrative in Jung's personal life reached a climax in 1916 when he became convinced that his house was crammed with spirits ...
... Jung was a prolific writer ... His collected works fill 19 volumes ...
... According to Jung the dominant function is supported by two auxiliary functions ... Jung called this the "inferior function" and Myers sometimes also called it the "shadow" ... Jung's typological model regards psychological type as similar to left or right handedness individuals are either born with, or develop, certain preferred ways of thinking and acting ...
Famous quotes containing the words jung and/or carl:
“Like Freud, Jung believes that the human mind contains archaic remnants, residues of the long history and evolution of mankind. In the unconscious, primordial universally human images lie dormant. Those primordial images are the most ancient, universal and deep thoughts of mankind. Since they embody feelings as much as thought, they are properly thought feelings. Where Freud postulates a mass psyche, Jung postulates a collective psyche.”
—Patrick Mullahy (b. 1912)
“The millere was a stout carl for the nones;”
—Geoffrey Chaucer (1340?1400)