British European Airways (BEA) — formally British European Airways Corporation — was a British airline which existed from 1946 until 1974.
BEA operated to Europe, North Africa and the Middle East from airports around the United Kingdom. The airline was also the largest UK domestic operator, serving major British cities, including London, Manchester, Glasgow, Edinburgh and Belfast, as well as remote areas of the British Isles such as the Highlands and Islands of Scotland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. From 1946 until 1974, BEA operated a network of internal German routes between West Berlin and West Germany as well.
Formed as the British European Airways division of British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) on 1 January 1946, BEA became a crown corporation in its own right on 1 August 1946.
Operations commenced from Croydon and Northolt airports, with DH89A Dragon Rapides and Douglas DC-3s.
Having established its main operating base at Northolt, BEA operated its first service from Heathrow in April 1950; by late-1954, all Northolt operations had moved to Heathrow, which remained the airline's main operating base until the merger with BOAC in 1974.
During 1952, BEA carried its one-millionth passenger, and by the early 1960s it had become the Western world's fifth-biggest passenger-carrying airline and the biggest outside the United States.
In 1950, BEA operated the world's first turbine-powered commercial air service with Vickers' Viscount 630 prototype, from London to Paris. The airline entered the jet age in 1960 with de Havilland's DH106 Comet 4B. On 1 April 1964, it became the first to operate the DH121 Trident; on 10 June 1965, a BEA Trident 1C performed the world's first automatic landing during a scheduled commercial air service.
For most of its existence, BEA was headquartered at BEAline House in Ruislip, London Borough of Hillingdon.
BEA ceased to exist as a legal entity on 1 April 1974 when the merger with BOAC to form British Airways (BA) took effect.
... The 5th Bengal European Cavalry was a cavalry regiment of the British East India Company, created in 1858 and disbanded in 1859 ... by the East India Company in 1858 as the 5th Bengal European Light Cavalry, for service in the Indian Mutiny the "European" in the name indicated that it ... As with all other "European" units of the Company, they were placed under the command of the Crown following the end of the Mutiny in 1858, but the regiment was disbanded rather ...
... To British European Airways on 11 October 1946 as G-AHOW, named Vanessa ... Sold on 5 November 1954 to Trek Airways, South Africa ... To British European Airways on 5 November 1946 as G-AHOY, named Vanity ...
1975 Name Year of establishment Year of disestablishment Notes A2B Airways 2006 ... Until 2005, was Flykeen Airways, then bought by British NorthWest ... British Airways Ltd. 1939 ... British Amphibious Airlines 1933 ... British Asia Airways 2001 ... part of British Airways BCAL - British Caledonian Airways 1988 ... acquired by British Airways British Cargo Airlines 1979 1980 ...
... variant with 16-passenger seats Freighter Mk IB Variant of Mk I for British European Airways Freighter Mk IC Variant of Mk IA for British European Airways Freighter Mk ID ... Wayfarer Mk IIB Variant of Mk IIA for British European Airways Wayfarer Mk IIC Variant of Mk II with 20 seats and baggage hold Freighter Mk XI Variant of Mk ...
... Type 496 Third prototype Type 498 Viking 1A for British European Airways Type 604 Viking 1B for Indian National Airways with two Hecules 634 engines ... Type 610 Viking 1B for British European Airways Type 613 Projected fuel transport variant, not built ... Type 614 Viking 1A for British European Airways Type 615 Viking 1 for the Argentine government with two Hercules 634 engines ...
Famous quotes containing the words british and/or european:
“Semantically, taste is rich and confusing, its etymology as odd and interesting as that of style. But while stylederiving from the stylus or pointed rod which Roman scribes used to make marks on wax tabletssuggests activity, taste is more passive.... Etymologically, the word we use derives from the Old French, meaning touch or feel, a sense that is preserved in the current Italian word for a keyboard, tastiera.”
—Stephen Bayley, British historian, art critic. Taste: The Story of an Idea, Taste: The Secret Meaning of Things, Random House (1991)
“It has become necessary to call the attention of European governments to a fact which is apparently so insignificant that the governments seem not to notice it. The fact is this: an entire people is being annihilated. Where? In Europe. Are there witnesses? One witness, the entire world. Do the governments see it? No.”
—Victor Hugo (18021885)