Blood Plasma

Blood plasma is the straw-colored/pale-yellow liquid component of blood that normally holds the blood cells in whole blood in suspension. It makes up about 55% of total blood volume. It is the intravascular fluid part of extracellular fluid (all body fluid outside of cells). It is mostly water (93% by volume), and contains dissolved proteins (i.e.—albumins, globulins, and fibrinogen), glucose, clotting factors, electrolytes (Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3- Cl- etc.), hormones and carbon dioxide (plasma being the main medium for excretory product transportation). Plasma also serves as the protein reserve of the human body. It plays a vital role in intravascular osmotic effect that keeps electrolyte in balance form and protects the body from infection and other blood disorders.

Blood plasma is prepared by spinning a tube of fresh blood containing an anticoagulant in a centrifuge until the blood cells fall to the bottom of the tube. The blood plasma is then poured or drawn off. Blood plasma has a density of approximately 1025 kg/m3, or 1.025 kg/l.

Blood serum is blood plasma without clotting factors (i.e.—whole blood minus both the cells and the clotting factors). Plasmapheresis is a medical therapy that involves blood plasma extraction, treatment, and reintegration.

Read more about Blood PlasmaComposition, Plasma Shift, Medical History, Plasma Donation, Safety and Compensation To Donors, Synthetic Blood Plasma

Other articles related to "blood plasma, blood, plasma":

Synthetic Blood Plasma
... Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) is a solution with similar ion concentration to those of human blood plasma ... SBF is normally used for surface modification of metallic implants, and recently in gene delivery application ...
Blood Plasma Fractionation - Blood Plasma
... Blood plasma is the liquid component of whole blood, and makes up approximately 55% of the total blood volume ... In whole blood, red blood cells, leukocytes, and platelets are suspended within the plasma ...
Blood Type - Clinical Significance - Plasma Compatibility
... Recipients can receive plasma of the same blood group, but otherwise the donor-recipient compatibility for blood plasma is the converse of that of RBCs plasma extracted from ... Plasma compatibility table Recipient Donor O A B AB O Y Y Y Y A N Y N Y B N N Y Y AB N N N Y Rh D antibodies are uncommon, so generally neither D negative nor D positive blood contain anti-D ... If a potential donor is found to have anti-D antibodies or any strong atypical blood group antibody by antibody screening in the blood bank, they would not be ...
Mir-92 Micro RNA Precursor Family - Experimental Evidence - MiR-92 As A Biomarker For Leukaemia
... As discussed, there is evidence supporting plasma miR-92 as a biomarker for leukaemia detection ... This was concluded after microarray screening of blood plasma from leukaemia patients against healthy samples ... firstly because there is no obvious source for miRNA production or maintenance in blood plasma, and secondly because there seems to be an inverse relationship between ...
Plasma Economy - History
... Caijing noted that China's blood donation system is largely monetarily driven, and while attempts had been made in the 1980s to move to a voluntary system, they were mostly unsuccessful ... In the early 1990s, China restricted the import of blood products, while called for local investment by foreign pharmaceutical companies, especially to the province of Henan, where numerous plasmapheresis stations ... The selling of blood plasma were seen by locals as a method to reduce poverty ...

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