International Business Machines Corporation (NYSE: IBM), or IBM, is an American multinational technology and consulting corporation, with headquarters in Armonk, New York, United States. IBM manufactures and markets computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure, hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.
The company was founded in 1911 as the Computing Tabulating Recording Company (CTR) through a merger of three companies: the Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company. CTR adopted the name International Business Machines in 1924, using a name previously designated to CTR's subsidiary in Canada and later South America. Security analysts nicknamed IBM Big Blue in recognition of IBM's common use of blue in products, packaging, and logo.
In 2012, Fortune ranked IBM the #2 largest U.S. firm in terms of number of employees (433,362), the #4 largest in terms of market capitalization, the #9 most profitable, and the #19 largest firm in terms of revenue. Globally, the company was ranked the #31 largest in terms of revenue by Forbes for 2011. Other rankings for 2011/2012 include #1 company for leaders (Fortune), #1 green company worldwide (Newsweek), #2 best global brand (Interbrand), #2 most respected company (Barron's), #5 most admired company (Fortune), and #18 most innovative company (Fast Company).
IBM has 12 research laboratories worldwide and, as of 2012, has held the record for most patents generated by a company for 19 consecutive years. Its employees have garnered five Nobel Prizes, six Turing Awards, nine National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science. Famous inventions by IBM include the automated teller machine (ATM), the floppy disk, the hard disk drive, the magnetic stripe card, the relational database, the Universal Product Code (UPC), the financial swap, SABRE airline reservation system, DRAM, and Watson artificial intelligence.
The company has undergone several organizational changes since its inception, acquiring companies like SPSS (2009) and PwC consulting (2002), spinning off companies like Lexmark (1991), and selling off product lines like ThinkPad to Lenovo (2005).
Other articles related to "big blue, blue":
... The main hero, the character played by the player, is Big Blue, who must battle to save the factory and the Smarties ... To do this, Big Blue has to explore the different areas of the factory, saving individual Smarties and destroying "Stroopers" - Dr ... Big Blue must also find permanent upgrades, which improve various aspects of Big Blue and his "exosuit" (the suit in which he uses to run, shoot and jump) ...
... The Tick Big Blue Destiny Bonanza 1, June 1999, collecting issues 1-2 ... The Tick Big Blue Destiny Bonanza 2, June 1999, collecting issues 3-5 ...
... Bear in the Big Blue House is a television program for young children produced for the Playhouse Disney channel by Mitchell Kriegman and The Jim Henson Company ... The Jim Henson Company sold the Bear in the Big Blue House franchise to The Walt Disney Company ...
... Big Blue is a nickname for IBM ... True Blue referred to a loyal IBM customer, and business writers later picked up the term ... Another theory suggests that Big Blue refers to the Company's logo ...
... After Pixie's fatal injuries during her battle with Moo in his newly perfected body, Big Blue loved his master so much that he sacrificed his own existence to save Pixie by fusing his being into her, turning ...
Famous quotes containing the words blue and/or big:
“I have just come down from my father.
Higher and higher he lies
Above me in a blue light
Shed by a tinted window.”
—James Dickey (b. 1923)
“The final key to the way I promote is bravado. I play to peoples fantasies. People may not always think big themselves, but they can still get very excited by those who do. Thats why a little hyperbole never hurts.”
—Donald Trump (b. 1946)