The beet (Beta vulgaris) is a plant in the Chenopodiaceae family which is now included in Amaranthaceae family. It is best known in its numerous cultivated varieties, the most well known of which is the root vegetable known as the beetroot or garden beet. However, other cultivated varieties include the leaf vegetables chard and spinach beet, as well as the root vegetables sugar beet, which is important in the production of table sugar, and mangelwurzel, which is a fodder crop. Three subspecies are typically recognised. All cultivated varieties fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, while Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima, commonly known as the sea beet, is the wild ancestor of these, and is found throughout the Mediterranean, the Atlantic coast of Europe, the Near East, and India. A second wild subspecies, Beta vulgaris subsp. adanensis, occurs from Greece to Syria.

The roots are most commonly deep red-purple in color, but come in a wide variety of other shades, including golden yellow and red-and-white striped.

Beta vulgaris is a herbaceous biennial or, rarely, perennial plant with leafy stems growing to 1–2 m tall. The leaves are heart-shaped, 5–20 cm long on wild plants (often much larger in cultivated plants). The flowers are produced in dense spikes; each flower is very small, 3–5 mm diameter, green or tinged reddish, with five petals; they are wind pollinated. The fruit is a cluster of hard nutlets.

Read more about Beet:  History, Taxonomy, Cultivation

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... necessary to cope with the increasing potato and sugar beet traffic ... During the interwar period, Sibsey dealt with up to 80 wagons of potatoes or beet a day ... drawn by a Class K2 or J6 departed Skegness at 3.30pm and collected potato and beet wagons from Havenhouse, Wainfleet and Thorpe Culvert ...
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... Modern sugar beets date back to mid-18th century Silesia where the king of Prussia subsidised experiments aimed at processes for sugar extraction ... He also demonstrated that sugar could be extracted from beets that was the same as that produced from sugarcane ... 'Weiße Schlesische Zuckerrübe', meaning white Silesian sugar beet, and boasted about a 6% sugar content ...
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... His phantom was beaten by Beet in an epic battle ... This battle helped Beet grow in fame in the Vandel world and moreover become Beltorze's awaited enemy ... He will be the fourth seven-star Vandel to try to kill Beet ...