Basnyat Family - The 'Shreepali' Basnyats

The 'Shreepali' Basnyats

The Shreepali Basnyats are originally from Gorkha. They worship "Sishakoti Madhev","Veerabhadra","Mahakali" as their Kul Deuta and Aradhe Devi "Dakchinkali" as Istha deuta. They were very powerful during the unification of Nepal. They remained powerful till the emergence of Jung Bahadur Kunwar or later known as Jung Bahadur Rana.

It is known that during the reign of King Prithivi Narayan Shah the Shreepali Basnyats of Gorkha were the leading military force. They were either highly ranked officers in the army or key figures in the king's court. King Prithvi Narayan Shah formed an alliance with Basnyat and Pandey families of Gorkha in his quest for the unification of Nepal.As per his Divya Upadesh, King Prithvi Narayan is known to have arranged the marriage between Kazi Kehar Singh Basnyat, the second son of Kazi Shivaram Singh Basnyat, and Chitra Devi, the daughter of Kazi Kalu Pandey. Shivaram Singh Basnyat, who is addressed as Senapati Badabir (Brave Chief of the Army) in all the documents of that era, laid down his life in the battle of Sanga Chowk,at a place called Jahar Singh Pauwa on 24 February 1746 A.D. (12 Falgun 1803 B.S.) 3km northwest of Nagarkot. Shivram Singh became the first major military leader of Gorkha who was martyred even before Kazi Kalu Pandey in the campaign of unification of Nepal. Later, Chitra Devi, wife of Kehar, constructed the Narayan temple in Timal Danda (Kavre) in honour of her Father-in-law Kazi Shivram Singh. 'Birangana' Shoor Prabha, wife of Shivaram Singh, was a daughter of Bagale Thapa of Gorkha, who raised her four brave sons after the early martyrdom of her husband.The story of Shoor Prabha is written by former Vice Chancellor late Rudra Raj Pandey in his epic "Nepal ka Bir Birangana Haru".

Kazi Naahar Singh, first son of Shivram, fought in the battle of Makwanpur against the forces of Mir Kasim.He was a major military leader in the battle to capture Kantipur, Patan and Bhadgaun in 1826 B.S. along with his three younger brothers. He also fought in the battle of Tibet in 1845 B.S.

Kazi Kehar Singh went to Tibet to negotiate with it to have the Nepali coins circulated in Tibet. He was the major military/civilian leader who united the western districts and Kathmandu valley to Nepal.He was appointed Chief of Patan immediately after it was annexed to Nepal.He was martyred in the battle of Satahun on 5 Poush 1828 B.S.

Abhiman Singh Basnyat,born on 14 Falgun 1801 B.S., the third son of General (Kazi) Shivaram Singh Basnyat became the first Commander in Chief of a United Nepal after the death of General (Kazi) Kalu Pandey on the second attempt to capture Kritipur. Abhiman's two elder brothers were Kazi Naahar Singh and Kazi Kehar Singh. His youngest brother Kazi Dhaukal Simha Basnyat, who also became the governor of Kumaun, was the first owner of present Narayanhity Palace known as Kirti Mandir at that time.Stone inscription about this is still there inside Narayanhity Palace compound. Abhiman Singh died at the age of fifty-six in Ashad 1857 B.S. when he was sent to settle the area of Morang and Sunsari,then called Kaala Banzaar.It was a great injustice to him to have been assigned by King Rana Rahadur Shah to this area of dense forests at that age when he was already a Mulkazi because of his displeasure about the marriage of Rana Bahadur with the child widow Kantivati. He was reported to have suffered from fever, possibly Malaria and died of it. Despite the Basnyat family's immense contribution to Nepal's Unification, nobody from Basnyat family was declared Rastriya Bibhuti (National Hero).We cannot undermine the sacrifice made by the brave Basnyat family of six at that time namely Shivram, Shoor Prabha, Naahar, Kehar,Abhiman and Dhaukal in the unification campaign of King Prithvi Narayan.There were other Basnyats of Shreepali origin such as Ranya (Bangya) Basnyat,Bir Dhwaj Basnyat, Indra Bir, Banka Bir, Ranadip Singh, Rana Dhir Singh, Jahar Singh, Kirti Man Singh, Bakhtabir Singh, Kul Man Singh etc. who fought or sacrificed their life in various battles and wars for the protection of Nepal's sovereignty in the later periods of Nepalese history.

King Prithvi Narayan Shah has stressed the importance of the Basnyats in his poetic piece known as "Dibya Upadesh" or "Divine Counsel" in English. Here is a link to the translation of the "Dibya Upadesh" into English. This translation was done by Prawin Adhikari, from a transcription originally published by historian Baburam Acharya. owns the copyrights to the article.

A quote from the Dibya Upadesh:

It said—"Now, I will make ties between the Pandes and the Basnyats, so give your daughter to Sivaram Basnyat's son Kehar Singh Basnyat," and the two houses were tied by marriage. Thus, after the conjugal tie, with the shields of the Pandes and the swords of the Basnyats I attacked Nepal.

After the royal palace moved from Gorkha to Basantapur in Kathmandu, the Shreepali Basnyats of Gorkha moved along with the royal family, living close by the palace in Indra Chowk and Ason.Kazi Abhiman Singh constructed a house in 1833 B.S. for himself in Ason, Kathmandu, which is known as Maan Mandir, which still exists as Tilanga Ghar or Paltan Ghar. This Tilanga Ghar should be declared the National Heritage of Nepal and needs to be renovated. Basnyats shared a great amount of power in the court alongside the Pandeys and Thapas. This continued until the reign of King Rana Bahadur Shah, when Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa came into power and there was a power struggle between the Pandeys and the Thapas. The Basnyats sided with the Pandeys as they had earlier marital links with them back in Gorkha and ultimately removed the Thapas from power.

Read more about this topic:  Basnyat Family

Other articles related to "basnyats":

Lamichhane - The 'Shreepali' Basnyats
... The Shreepali Basnyats are originally from the Gorkha district of Nepal ... During the unification of Nepal, the Basnyats had grown in power and remained in such a position until the emergence of Jung Bahadur Kunwar, later known as Jang Bahadur Rana ... that during the reign of King Prithivi Narayan Shah the Shreepali Basnyats of Gorkha were the leading military force ...