Babylon (Arabic: بابل, Babil; Akkadian: Bābili(m); Sumerian logogram: KÁ.DINGIR.RAKI; Hebrew: בָּבֶל, Bābel; Greek: Βαβυλών, Babylōn) was an Akkadian city-state (founded in 1894 BC by an Amorite dynasty) of ancient Mesopotamia, the remains of which are found in present-day Al Hillah, Babylon Province, Iraq, about 85 kilometers (55 mi) south of Baghdad. All that remains of the original ancient famed city of Babylon today is a large mound, or tell, of broken mud-brick buildings and debris in the fertile Mesopotamian plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The city itself was built upon the Euphrates, and divided in equal parts along its left and right banks, with steep embankments to contain the river's seasonal floods.

Available historical resources suggest that Babylon was at first a small town which had sprung up by the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC. The town flourished and attained independence with the rise of the First Amorite Babylonian Dynasty in 1894 BC. Claiming to be the successor of the ancient city of Eridu, Babylon eclipsed Nippur as the "holy city" of Mesopotamia around the time an Amorite king named Hammurabi first created the short lived Babylonian Empire; this quickly dissolved upon his death and Babylon spent long periods under Assyrian, Kassite and Elamite domination. Babylon again became the seat of the Neo-Babylonian Empire from 608 to 539 BC which was founded by Chaldeans and whose last king was an Assyrian. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. After the fall of Babylon it came under the rules of the Achaemenid, Seleucid, Parthian, Roman and Sassanid empires.

Read more about BabylonName, History, Biblical Narrative, Archaeology, Reconstruction, Effects of The U.S. Military, Babylon in Popular Culture

Other articles related to "babylon":

Babylon in Popular Culture
... Due to the importance of Babylon in its time as well as the stories in the Bible the word "Babylon" in various languages has acquired a generic meaning of a large ... As such, the word "Babylon" is used for various entertainment events or buildings ... For example, sci-fi series Babylon 5 tells a tale of a multi-racial future space station ...
Laws And Customs Of The Land Of Israel In Judaism - Customs
... especially in the early periods, between Jewish practices in Israel and Babylon (sometimes called "the East") ... In Babylon the ring "was not in sight" (this phrase is ambiguous, and some interpret it as meaning that the presentation of the ring occurred not in public at the synagogue, but in private ) ... for fear she might commit infanticide, was enforced even if the child died within that period in Babylon she was permitted to marry within that time if the child died ...
By The Rivers Of Babylon
... By the Rivers of Babylon is a 1978 thriller novel by Nelson DeMille ... control, and the other crash lands near the ruins of Babylon ...
... Apil-Sin was a King in the First Dynasty of Babylon ... Little is known of the details of Apil-Sin or his reign as king of Babylon ... large numbers of business documents that have come down to us out of this first dynasty of Babylon, none of the rulers down to Apil-Sin is called king ...
Babylon Istanbul
... Babylon Istanbul is a music venue located in Istanbul, Turkey ... In 2010, Babylon launched its Lounge restaurant, which is located just a street behind the main venue ... and after parties hosted by various DJs, before and after the concerts in Babylon ...

Famous quotes containing the word babylon:

    The stars which shone over Babylon and the stable in Bethlehem still shine as brightly over the Empire State Building and your front yard today. They perform their cycles with the same mathematical precision, and they will continue to affect each thing on earth, including man, as long as the earth exists.
    Linda Goodman (b. 1929)