Assembly Line

An assembly line is a manufacturing process (most of the time called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added to a product in a sequential manner to create a finished product much faster than with handcrafting-type methods. The division of labour was initially discussed by Adam Smith, regarding the manufacture of pins, in his book The Wealth of Nations (published in 1776). The assembly line was first mechanized in the U.S. by Eli Whitney, who also patented a type of cotton gin. Whitney began using the assembly line to manufacture muskets that had interchangeable parts. In 1797, he was contracted to supply 10,000 muskets for the U.S. government in two years.

Prior to Whtiney's mechanization of the assembly line, craftsmen made muskets one at a time. Due to the handmade & custom nature of this process, each musket was unique. If a single part of the musket broke, it could not be easily replaced, but instead required a custom repair. Because parts manufactured by Whitney's assembly line parts were interchangeable, common parts could be used to replace broken ones. This was a vast improvement in both manufacturing and maintenance of produced goods. In the early 1900s, Ford Motor Company adopted the assembly line to mass produce the Model T.

Read more about Assembly LineConcept, Sociological Problems, Improved Working Conditions

Other articles related to "assembly line, assembly lines, line":

Clarence W. Avery - Ford Motor Company
... Avery's first large project was the establishment of a moving assembly line at the plant ... The assembly line project was worked on by a number of Ford's top men, including C ... Although credit for the moving assembly line can't be pinned to one individual, those who took part acknowledged Avery as the guiding light of the project ...
Assembly Line - Improved Working Conditions
1922) mentions several benefits of the assembly line including Workers do no heavy lifting No stooping or bending over No special training required There are jobs that almost anyone can do Provided ... pay from $1.50 per day to $5.00 per day once employees reached three years of service on the assembly line ... by Ford in order to reduce high employee turnover when the assembly line was introduced in 1913, it was discovered that “every time the company wanted to add 100 men to its factory personnel, it ...
History Of Detroit, Michigan - 20th Century - Reinhold Niebuhr
... Niebuhr attacked poor conditions created by the assembly lines and erratic employment practices ... thinks that Niebuhr never talked to the assembly line workers (many of his parishioners were skilled craftsmen) but projected feelings onto them after discussions with Rev ... As some studies of assembly line workers have shown, the work may have been dull, but workers had complex motivations and could find ways to make meaning of their experiences many ...
The Assembly Line
... The Assembly Line was a British video game development company which created games for the Atari ST, Commodore 64 and Amiga systems ... Games they produced include Xenon 2 (coded by The Assembly Line, designed by the Bitmap Brothers) Interphase Cybercon III Pipe Mania also known as Pipe Dream E-Motion also known as The Game of Harmony and ...
Aristides De Sousa Mendes - June 17-July 8: The French-Portuguese Exodus
... their mother, and a few refugees, the consul formed an assembly line that processed visas all through that day and well into the night ... The assembly line kept working all through the following day ... to wait his turn in the seemingly endless line, left with 19 visas for the imperial family of the Archduke, who later returned in person to obtain an additional stack of visas for Austrian refugees ...

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