Arago Spot - Experimental Aspects - Deviation From Circularity

Deviation From Circularity

If the cross-section of the circular object deviates slightly from its circular shape (but it still has a sharp edge on a smaller scale) the shape of the point-source Arago spot changes. In particular, if the object has an ellipsoidal cross-section the Arago spot has the shape of an evolute. Note that this is only the case if the source is close to an ideal point source. From an extended source the Arago spot is only affected marginally, since one can interpret the Arago spot as a point-spread function. And so the image of the extended source only becomes washed out due to the convolution with the point-spread function, but it does not decrease in over all intensity.

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