In law, an answer was originally a solemn assertion in opposition to someone or something, and thus generally any counter-statement or defense, a reply to a question or response, or objection, or a correct solution of a problem.
In the common law, an answer is the first pleading by a defendant, usually filed and served upon the plaintiff within a certain strict time limit after a civil complaint or criminal information or indictment has been served upon the defendant. It may have been preceded by an optional "pre-answer" motion to dismiss or demurrer; if such a motion is unsuccessful, the defendant must file an answer to the complaint or risk an adverse default judgment.
In a criminal case, there is usually an arraignment or some other kind of appearance before the defendant comes to court. The pleading in the criminal case, which is entered on the record in open court, is usually either guilty or not guilty. Generally speaking in private, civil cases there is no plea entered of guilt or innocence. There is only a judgment that grants money damages or some other kind of equitable remedy such as restitution or a permanent injunction. Criminal cases may lead to fines or other punishment, such as imprisonment.
The famous Latin Responsa Prudentium ("answers of the learned ones") were the accumulated views of many successive generations of Roman lawyers, a body of legal opinion which gradually became authoritative.
In music an "answer" (also known as countersubject) is the technical name in counterpoint for the repetition or modification by one part or instrument of a theme proposed by another.
Other articles related to "answer, answers":
... Unlike the main game, there was no penalty for an incorrect answer, and contestants could buzz-in and answer as much as they wanted on each clip ... Each correct answer won the same amount of money won in the main game (there was no penalty for an incorrect answer), and solving five subjects won an extra $1,000 ...
... known as Twenty questions), with a given percentage of wrong answers, and calculated the minimum number of randomly chosen questions to determine the ... and asked the sender whether the given message was in this subset, a 'yes' or 'no' answer ... Based on this answer, the receiver then chose a new subset and repeated the process ...
... enumerable) is the class of decision problems for which a 'yes' answer can be verified by a Turing machine in a finite amount of time ... Informally, it means that if the answer is 'yes', then there is some procedure which takes finite time to determine this ... On the other hand, if the answer is 'no', the machine might never halt ...
... stop writing (they are not allowed to finish incomplete answers started before the stop signal) ... The questions must be answered in order a skipped question is scored as a wrong answer ... In order for a question to be scored as correct the exact answer must be given (no allowance for rounding), except where the question is preceded by an asterisk, in which case for ...
... $100,000 before choosing to walk away, although he had surmised the correct answer to the $250,000 question ... contestants from the season's first 45 shows will return for a chance to answer a million dollar question, and Janus qualified as the fifth seed for the ... He returned on November 16 to answer his Million Dollar Question ...
Famous quotes containing the word answer:
“... we may leisurely
Each one demand and answer to his part
Performed in this wide gap of time since
First we were dissevered.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“It is a pleasant thing to reflect upon, and furnishes a complete answer to those who contend for the gradual degeneration of the human species, that every baby born into the world is a finer one than the last.”
—Charles Dickens (18121870)
“We have ourselves to answer for.”
—Jennie June Croly 18291901, U.S. founder of the womans club movement, journalist, author, editor. Demorests Illustrated Monthly and Mirror of Fashions, pp. 24-5 (January 1870)