Andalusia (British /ˌændəˈluːsiə/, American /ˌændəˈluːʒə/, /ˌændəˈluːziə/; Spanish: Andalucía or ) is the most populous and the second largest in area of the autonomous communities in Spain. The Andalusian autonomous community is officially recognized as a nationality of Spain. The territory is divided into eight provinces: Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville. Its capital is the city of Seville (Spanish: Sevilla).

Andalusia is in the south of the Iberian peninsula, immediately south of the autonomous communities of Extremadura and Castile–La Mancha; west of the autonomous community of Murcia and the Mediterranean Sea; east of Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean; and north of the Mediterranean Sea and the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates Spain from Morocco, and the Atlantic Ocean. The small British overseas territory of Gibraltar shares a three-quarter-mile land border with the Andalusian province of Cádiz at the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar.

Andalusia has three major geographic subregions. In the north, the mountainous Sierra Morena separates Andalusia from the plains of Extremadura and Castile–La Mancha on Spain's Meseta Central. South of that, one can distinguish Upper Andalusia, generally the Baetic System, from Lower Andalusia with its Baetic Depression of the valley of the Guadalquivir.

The name Andalusia traces back to the Arabic language Al-Andalus (الأندلس). As well as Muslim and Romani influences, the region's history and culture have been influenced by the earlier Iberians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Romans, Vandals, Visigoths, Byzantines, all of whom preceded the Muslims, as well as the Castilian and other Christian North Iberian nationalities who regained and repopulated the area in the latter phases of the Reconquista. There was also a relatively large Sephardic Jewish presence.

Andalusia has been an economically poor region in comparison with the rest of Spain and the wider European Union. However, the growth of the community especially in the sectors of industry and services was above average in Spain and higher than many communities in the eurozone. The region has, however, a rich culture and a strong cultural identity. Many cultural phenomena that are seen internationally as distinctively Spanish are largely or entirely Andalusian in origin. These include flamenco, bullfighting, and certain Moorish-influenced architectural styles.

Read more about Andalusia:  The Name Andalucía, Symbols, Geography, History, Government and Politics, Demographics, Economy, Media, Art and Culture, Sister Region

Other articles related to "andalusia":

List Of High Schools In Alabama - Covington County
... Andalusia High School, Andalusia Florala High School, Florala Opp High School, Opp Straughn High School, Andalusia Pleasant Home School, Andalusia Red Level High School ...
Andalusia, Pennsylvania
... Andalusia is a historic neighborhood in Bensalem Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, bordering Philadelphia ... The neighborhood takes its name from the Andalusia estate of Philadelphia financier Nicholas Biddle (1786–1844), now preserved as a National Historic Landmark ... Today, Andalusia is a middle class suburb, mainly typical of the area ...
La Bandera Blanca Y Verde
... La bandera blanca y verde (, "The Green and White Flag") is the official anthem of Andalusia, adopted under the first Andalusian Statute of Autonomy ... The music for the anthem of Andalusia was composed by the former director of the municipal band of Sevilla José del Castillo Díaz ... of the music are vaguely inspired on the Santo Dios, a religious cantic widely spread in rural Andalusia, usually sung by peasants while reaping their crops ...
Military History Of The Revolt Of The Comuneros - Andalusia: The Southern Coast
... In general, Andalusia was fairly quiet during the war ... It was crucial for the government to act unified to maintain stability if some cities of Andalusia were to join the Comunidades and others not, a civil war among the ... The economic situation was different as well Andalusia was seeing the beginnings of what would become a vast stream of wealth from Spain's overseas trade and conquests ...