Amputation is the removal of a body extremity by trauma, prolonged constriction, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventative surgery for such problems. A special case is that of congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where fetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands. In some countries, amputation of the hands, feet or other body parts is or was used as a form of punishment for people who committed crimes. Amputation has also been used as a tactic in war and acts of terrorism; it may also occur as a war injury. In some cultures and religions, minor amputations or mutilations are considered a ritual accomplishment. Unlike some non-mammalian animals (such as lizards that shed their tails, salamanders that can regrow many missing body parts, and hydras, flatworms, and starfish that can regrow entire bodies from small fragments), once removed, human extremities do not grow back, unlike portions of some organs, such as the liver. A transplant or a prosthesis are the only options for recovering the loss.

In the US, the majority of new amputations occur due to complications of the vascular system (the blood vessels), especially from diabetes. Between 1988 and 1996, there were an average of 133,735 hospital discharges for amputation per year in the US.

Read more about Amputation:  Types, Method, Prevention, Prognosis, History, Gallery

Other articles related to "amputation":

Alpine Skiing At The 1976 Winter Paralympics - Medal Summary
... separate standing classifications I - standing, single leg amputation above the knee II - standing, single leg amputation below the knee III - standing, single arm ...
Lord Uxbridge's Leg - Amputation
... to his aide-de-camp, Thomas Wildman, during the amputation Paget smiled and said, "I have had a pretty long run ...
Liston Knife
... Liston knife is a type of knife used in surgical amputation ... Surgical amputation knives came in many styles and changed very much between 1840 and the American Civil War ... Amputation blades from the 18th century–1840s are generally known for their distinctive 'down' curving blades ...
Amputation - Gallery
... War II in Germany, 1946 John McFall, who has an above-knee leg amputation, and uses a prosthetic leg, is a sprinter and winner of a gold medal at the 2007 ...
John Adams (TV Miniseries) - Historical Inaccuracies - Part III
... his ship engages a British ship in a fierce battle while Adams assists a surgeon performing an amputation on a patient who dies ... In reality, Adams helped perform the amputation several days after the capture of the British ship, following an unrelated accident ... The patient died a week after the amputation, rather than during the operation as shown in the episode ...

Famous quotes containing the word amputation:

    The state of society is one in which the members have suffered amputation from the trunk, and strut about so many walking monsters,—a good finger, a neck, a stomach, an elbow, but never a man.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)