10th Century in England - Events

Events

  • 902
    • Irish Norsemen, expelled from Dublin, establish colonies on The Wirral.
  • 910–920
    • Edward the Elder, King of Wessex, and his daughter, Æthelflæd, Lady of the Mercians, conquer most of the Danelaw.
  • 910
    • 5 August - Battle of Tettenhall: Edward the Elder, King of Wessex, defeats a Viking army.
  • 911
    • Edward transfers London and Oxford from Mercia to Wessex.
  • 913
    • Æthelflæd rebuilds the ruined town of Tamworth as a burh and capital of Mercia.
  • 914 or 923
  • 915
    • First Battle of Corbridge: Viking victory over the Anglo-Saxons.
    • King Edward occupies Bedford.
  • 917
    • King Edward captures Derby and seizes control of East Anglia. All Danes south of the Humber submit to his rule.
  • 918
    • Æthelflæd of Mercia dies; Edward the Elder takes control of her kingdom.
    • Welsh princes pay homage to Edward.
    • Second Battle of Corbridge.
  • 919
    • Ragnall ua Ímair seizes control of the Kingdom of York.
  • 920
    • Norse Vikings under Sitric Cáech attack Cheshire.
    • Constantine II of Scotland, and the kings of Strathclyde, York, and Northumbria acknowledge Edward the Elder as their overlord.
  • c. 923
    • Athelm enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 924
    • 17 July - Edward the Elder dies and is succeeded by Æthelstan as King of Wessex.
  • 925
    • 4 September - Coronation of Æthelstan as King of Wessex.
  • 926
    • 8 January - Death of Athelm, Archbishop of Canterbury. He will be succeeded by Wulfhelm.
    • 30 January - A sister of King Æthelstan, perhaps Edith of Polesworth, is married to Sitric Cáech, the squint-eyed Norse King of Northumbria and Dublin (died 927), in Tamworth.
  • 927
    • King Æthelstan occupies York following the death of Sitric Cáech.
    • King Æthelstan of Wessex unites the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy into the Kingdom of England.
    • 12 July - Kings of Scotland and Strathclyde acknowledge Æthelstan as their overlord.
  • 928
    • King Æthelstan defeats the Welsh, and sets the border of Wales at the River Wye.
    • King Æthelstan subdues the Cornish, and sets the border of Cornwall at the River Tamar.
  • 931
    • Æthelstan holds the first Council of All England, at Colchester.
  • 933
    • Æthelstan founds Milton Abbey in Dorset.
  • 934
    • Æthelstan invades Scotland, reaching as far as Caithness.
  • 935
    • Æthelstan mints the first coins proclaiming himself to be "King of All Britain".
  • 937
    • Battle of Brunanburh: King Æthelstan defeats Olaf III Guthfrithsson, the Norse-Gael King of Dublin, Constantine II, King of Scots, and Owen I, King of Strathclyde.
  • 939
    • Failed expedition to support King Louis IV of France against the Germans.
    • King Æthelstan dies and is succeeded by his brother Edmund I of England.
    • The Norse-Gael King of Dublin Olaf III Guthfrithsson captures York.
  • 940
    • King Edmund cedes Northumbria and the Five Boroughs to Olaf Guthfrithsson.
    • Saint Dunstan becomes abbot of Glastonbury and initiates monastic reform and revival.
    • King Edmund summons Dunstan to his court where he becomes a favourite.
  • 941
    • Olaf Guthfrithsson dies; Óláfr Sigtryggsson succeeds him as King of Northumbria.
    • 12 February - Death of Wulfhelm, Archbishop of Canterbury.
    • Oda enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 942
    • King Edmund re-captures the Five Boroughs.
  • 943
    • Vikings take Tamworth.
  • 944
    • King Edmund takes York from the Vikings.
  • 945
    • King Edmund invades Strathclyde, and grants Cumbria to King Malcolm I of Scotland.
  • 946
    • 26 May - King Edmund is murdered by an exiled criminal at Pucklechurch and succeeded by his brother Eadred of England.
  • 947
    • Wulfstan I, Archbishop of York invites the Viking leader Eric Bloodaxe to become King of Northumbria.
  • 948
    • King Eadred expels Eric Bloodaxe from Northumbria.
    • King Malcolm I of Scotland raids Northumbria.
  • 949
    • Óláfr Sigtryggsson returns as King of Northumbria.
  • 952
    • Eric Bloodaxe reconquers York.
    • King Eadred imprisons Wulfstan of York.
  • 954
    • Eric Bloodaxe dies allowing King Eadred to recover York.
  • 955
    • 23 November - King Eadred dies and is succeeded by his nephew Eadwig.
  • 956
    • Dunstan exiled after quarreling with King Eadwig.
  • 957
    • Dunstan re-founds abbeys at Bath, Exeter, Malmesbury, and Westminster.
    • Mercia and Northumbria rebel, choosing Edgar of England as King.
  • 958
    • 2 June - Death of Oda of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 959
    • Ælfsige enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury but dies en route to Rome.
    • Birthelm enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
    • 1 October - King Edy dies and is succeeded by his brother Edgar of England.
    • Edgar overturns the appointment of Birthelm as Archbishop of Canterbury.
    • Dunstan enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 961
    • Saint Oswald becomes Bishop of Worcester; he establishes or re-founds abbeys at Ramsey, Cambridgeshire, Evesham, Pershore, and Winchcombe.
  • 963
    • King Edgar grants legal autonomy to the Danelaw.
    • Æthelwold becomes Bishop of Winchester; re-founds abbeys at Ely and Peterborough.
  • c. 970
    • Regularis Concordia produced at Winchester.
  • 971
    • 15 July The planned removal of the body of Saint Swithun during the re-building of Winchester Cathedral delayed by 40 days due to rain.
    • Kenneth II of Scotland raids England, reaching as far as Yorkshire.
  • 973
    • 11 May - Coronation of King Edgar at Bath.
    • Edgar sails to Chester, and receives homage from the rulers of Alba, Strathclyde, Wales, and the Kingdom of the Isles.
  • 975
    • 8 July - King Edgar dies and is succeeded by his 12-year-old son Edward.
  • 978
    • 18 March - King Edward is murdered by the servants of his stepmother Queen Ælfthryth at Corfe Castle. He is succeeded by his stepbrother Æthelred the Unready.
  • 980
    • Vikings begin a new wave of raids on England.
  • 981
    • Danish raids on Dorset, Devon, and Cornwall begin, and continue for a further seven years.
  • 985
    • King Æthelred grants lands at Hēatūn to Lady Wulfrun by royal charter, thus founding what will become Wolverhampton.
  • 988
    • 19 May - Death of Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury.
    • Æthelgar enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 990
    • 13 February - Death of Æthelgar, Archbishop of Canterbury.
    • Sigeric the Serious enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 991
    • 1 March - Æthelred signs a treaty with Duke Richard I of Normandy, by which each agrees not to aid the others enemies.
    • August - Norse invasion force sacks Ipswich.
    • 10 August - Battle of Maldon: Danes defeat the English army.
    • The first Danegeld, of £10,000, is paid to the Danes in return for their leaving England.
  • 993
    • Danes raid Northumbria.
  • 994
    • Norse and Danish armies ravage the south-east, but fail to capture London.
    • £16,000 of Danegeld paid.
    • Olaf II of Norway is baptised at Andover, and swears not to return to England.
  • 995
    • Ælfric of Abingdon enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
    • Ælfric of Eynsham completes his Catholic Homilies.
  • 997
    • King Æthelred issues a law code at Wantage, defining the legal position in the Danelaw and introducing trial by jury.
    • Ælfric of Eynsham completes the English Lives of Saints.
  • 998
    • Danes raid southern and western coasts.
  • 999
    • Danes raid Kent, attacking Rochester.
  • 1000
    • English fleet invades the Isle of Man.
    • English invasion of Cumbria fails.
    • Heroic poem The Battle of Maldon composed.

Read more about this topic:  10th Century In England

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