Yasser Arafat

Yasser Arafat

Mohammed Yasser Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini (Arabic: محمد ياسر عبد الرحمن عبد الرؤوف عرفات القدوة الحسيني‎‎; 24 August 1929 – 11 November 2004), popularly known as Yasser Arafat (Arabic: ياسر عرفات‎) or by his kunya Abu Ammar (Arabic: أبو عمار‎, 'Abū `Ammār) was a Palestinian leader. He was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), President of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA), and leader of the Fatah political party and former paramilitary group, which he founded in 1959. Arafat spent much of his life fighting against Israel in the name of Palestinian self-determination. Originally opposed to Israel's existence, he modified his position in 1988 when he accepted UN Security Council Resolution 242. Arafat and his movement operated from several Arab countries. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Fatah faced off with Jordan in a brief civil war. Forced out of Jordan and into Lebanon, Arafat and Fatah were major targets of Israel's 1978 and 1982 invasions of that country.

Arafat remains a highly controversial figure whose legacy has been widely disputed. He was "revered by many Arabs," and most Palestinians, regardless of political ideology or faction, viewing him as a freedom fighter who symbolized their national aspirations. However, he was also reviled, especially by many Israelis, who viewed him as a terrorist responsible for hundreds of bombings and deaths. Critics have accused Arafat of mass corruption, secretly amassing a personal wealth estimated to be USD $1.3 billion by 2002 despite the degrading economic conditions of the Palestinians.

Later in his career, Arafat engaged in a series of negotiations with the government of Israel to end the decades-long conflict between it and the PLO. These included the Madrid Conference of 1991, the 1993 Oslo Accords and the 2000 Camp David Summit. His political rivals, including Islamists and several PLO leftists, often denounced him for being corrupt or too submissive in his concessions to the Israeli government. In 1994 Arafat received the Nobel Peace Prize, together with Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, for the negotiations at Oslo. During this time, Hamas and other militant organizations rose to power and shook the foundations of the authority that Fatah under Arafat had established in the Palestinian territories.

In late 2004, after effectively being confined within his Ramallah compound for over two years by the Israeli army, Arafat became ill, fell into a coma and died on 11 November 2004 at the age of 75. The cause of his illness is disputed.

Read more about Yasser ArafatJordan, Tunisia, Political Survival, Financial Dealings, Illness and Death

Other articles related to "yasser arafat, arafat":

November 2004 - Events - November 12, 2004
... depend greatly upon who they elect to replace Yasser Arafat ... (Reuters) Death of Yasser Arafat Yasser Arafat's funeral procession is held in Cairo, Egypt ... Arafat is given full military honours and his coffin is led by a horse drawn carriage ...
Salah Khalaf
... the Palestine Liberation Organization, and the second most senior official of Fatah after Yasser Arafat ... In 1951, he met Yasser Arafat at the al-Azhar University—where he studied literature—during a meeting of the General Union of Palestinian Students ... founded the organization of Fatah with Arafat and other Palestinians in Kuwait ...
Palestinian Nationalism - Nationalist Movements - After The Establishment of Israel
... In 1950 Yasser Arafat founded Ittihad Talabat Filastin ... The founders included Yasser Arafat who was head of the General Union of Palestinian Students (GUPS) (1952–56) in Cairo University, Salah Khalaf, Khalil al-Wazir, Khaled Yashruti was head of the GUPS in Beirut (1958 ... Yasser Arafat, claimed the Battle of Karameh as a victory (in Arabic, "karameh" means "dignity") and quickly became a Palestinian national hero portrayed as one who dared to ...
Yasser Arafat - Aftermath - Successor
... Upon Arafat's death, PLC Speaker Rawhi Fattouh succeeded Arafat as interim President of the PNA ... leadership of Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon declared forty days of mourning for Arafat ... presidential election by a comfortable margin, solidifying himself as the successor to Arafat as leader of the Palestinians ...
Ahmad Tibi - Biography
... at Hadassah Hospital in 1984, and met PLO leader Yasser Arafat in Tunis that same year ... Tibi served as a political advisor to Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arafat for several years, representing the Palestinians at the 1998 Wye River negotiations ... of the Palestinians people for everything that was done in the Israel-Palestinian conflict is Yasser Arafat..." He resigned from the post in 1999 ...

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