Windows Vista

Windows Vista is an operating system released in several variations by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs, and media center PCs. Prior to its announcement on July 22, 2005, Windows Vista was known by its codename "Longhorn". Development was completed on November 8, 2006, and over the following three months, it was released in stages to computer hardware and software manufacturers, business customers and retail channels. On January 30, 2007, it was released worldwide and was made available for purchase and download from Microsoft's website. The release of Windows Vista came more than five years after the introduction of its predecessor, Windows XP, the longest time span between successive releases of Microsoft Windows desktop operating systems. It was succeeded by Windows 7, which was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009 and released worldwide for retail on October 22, 2009.

New features of Windows Vista include an updated graphical user interface and visual style dubbed Aero, a new search component called Windows Search, redesigned networking, audio, print and display sub-systems, and new multimedia tools including Windows DVD Maker. Vista aimed to increase the level of communication between machines on a home network, using peer-to-peer technology to simplify sharing files and media between computers and devices. Windows Vista included version 3.0 of the .NET Framework, allowing software developers to write applications without traditional Windows APIs.

Microsoft's primary stated objective with Windows Vista was to improve the state of security in the Windows operating system. One common criticism of Windows XP and its predecessors was their commonly exploited security vulnerabilities and overall susceptibility to malware, viruses and buffer overflows. In light of this, Microsoft chairman Bill Gates announced in early 2002 a company-wide "Trustworthy Computing initiative," which aimed to incorporate security into every aspect of software development at the company. Microsoft stated that it prioritized improving the security of Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 above finishing Windows Vista, thus delaying its completion.

While these new features and security improvements have garnered positive reviews, Vista has also been the target of much criticism and negative press. Criticism of Windows Vista has targeted its high system requirements, its more restrictive licensing terms, the inclusion of a number of new digital rights management technologies aimed at restricting the copying of protected digital media, lack of compatibility with some pre-Vista hardware and software, and the number of authorization prompts for User Account Control. As a result of these and other issues, Windows Vista had seen initial adoption and satisfaction rates lower than Windows XP. However, with an estimated 330 million Internet users as of January 2009, it had been announced that Vista usage had surpassed Microsoft's pre-launch two-year-out expectations of achieving 200 million users. At the release of Windows 7 (October 2009), Windows Vista (with approximately 400 million Internet users) was the second most widely used operating system on the Internet with an approximately 19% market share, the most widely used being Windows XP with an approximately 63% market share. As of May 2010, Windows Vista's market share had an estimated range from 15% to 26%. As of November 2012, Vista market share was 7.54%. As of October 22, 2010 Microsoft ceased Retail sales of Windows Vista and one year after the OEM sales for Vista were also ceased.

Read more about Windows Vista:  Development of Vista, New or Changed Features, Removed Features, Editions, Visual Styles, Hardware Requirements, Service Packs, Reception, Criticism

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List Of Features Removed In Windows 7 - Other Windows Applications and Features
... To preserve the digital signature of a Windows Installer (MSI) file during uninstall, embedded cabinets are no longer automatically stripped off by Windows Installer 5.0 ... %Windir%Installer directory take more disk space than earlier Windows versions with no option to disable the caching ... Transient Multimon Manager (TMM), a Windows Vista feature to automatically detect hot-Plug and Play displays as well as configure and save the multi-monitor setup is removed in favor ...
Windows Vista - Criticism - User Account Control
... Control (UAC) is an important part of Vista's security infrastructure, as it blocks software from silently gaining administrator privileges without the user's knowledge ... This has led many Vista UAC users to consider it annoying and tiresome, with some consequently either turning the feature off or putting it in auto-approval mode ...
Mojave Experiment
... The Mojave Experiment is an advertising campaign by Microsoft for the Windows Vista operating system ... participants in the experiment were asked about their perceptions of Windows Vista and then were shown a ten minute demo of Microsoft's "next OS," codenamed "Mojave" ... the experiment was over, it was revealed that "Mojave" was actually Windows Vista ...
Support - Browsers With Support For TLS Server Name Indication
... Internet Explorer 7 or later, on Windows Vista or higher ... Does not work on Windows XP, even Internet Explorer 8 (because the support of this feature is not browser version dependent, it depends on SChannel system component ... must be enabled) Opera Mobile at least version 10.1 beta on Android Google Chrome (Vista or higher ...
Softlink - Microsoft Windows - Windows 7 & Vista Symbolic Link
... Windows 7 and Windows Vista support symbolic links for both files and directories with the command line utility mklink ... also support them, which effectively limits their support to Windows Vista and later Windows operating systems ... Microsoft aimed for Vista's symbolic links to "function just like UNIX links" ...

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