What is Roman Republic?

  • (noun): The ancient Roman state from 509 BC until Augustus assumed power in 27 BC; was governed by an elected Senate but dissatisfaction with the Senate led to civil wars that culminated in a brief dictatorship by Julius Caesar.

Roman Republic

The Roman Republic (Latin: Res-publica Romanorum) was the period of the ancient Roman civilization when the government operated as a republic. It began with the overthrow of the Roman monarchy, traditionally dated around 509 BC, and its replacement by a government headed by two consuls, elected annually by the citizens and advised by a senate. A complex constitution gradually developed, centered on the principles of a separation of powers and checks and balances. Except in times of dire national emergency, public offices were limited to one year, so that, in theory at least, no single individual could dominate his fellow citizens.

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Some articles on Roman Republic:

Lucius Valerius Flaccus (suffect Consul 86 BC) - Selected Bibliography
... The Praetorship in the Roman Republic ... The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol ... by Gaius Marius Consul (suffectus) of the Roman Republic with L ...
Constitutional Republic - History - Classical Republics
... The concept of the "republic" itself was not a meaningful concept in the classical world ... are a number of states of the classical era that are today called republics by convention ... of ancient Greece such as Athens and Sparta, the Roman Republic and Carthage ...
Roman Republic - Military - Campaign History
... The core of the campaign history of the Roman Republican military is the account of the Roman military's land battles ... The second is the civil war, of which examples plagued the Roman Republic in its final century ... Roman armies were not invincible, despite their formidable reputation and host of victories ...
Roman Senate - Senate of The Roman Republic
... The Senate of the Roman Republic was a political institution in the ancient Roman Republic ... Through these advices, the Senate directed the magistrates, especially the Roman Consuls (the chief magistrates) in their prosecution of military conflicts ... As the Roman Empire grew, the senate also supervised the administration of the provinces, which were governed by former consuls and praetors, in that it decided which magistrate should govern ...

Famous quotes containing the words republic and/or roman:

    Royalty is a government in which the attention of the nation is concentrated on one person doing interesting actions. A Republic is a government in which that attention is divided between many, who are all doing uninteresting actions. Accordingly, so long as the human heart is strong and the human reason weak, Royalty will be strong because it appeals to diffused feeling, and Republics weak because they appeal to the understanding.
    Walter Bagehot (1826–1877)

    Brutus. Now, as you are a Roman, tell me true.
    Messala. Then like a Roman bear the truth I tell,
    For certain she is dead, and by strange manner.
    Brutus. Why, farewell, Portia. We must die, Messala.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)