Relief, or relievo rilievo, is a sculptural technique. The term relief is from the Latin verb levo, to raise. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane. What is actually performed when a relief is cut in from a flat surface of stone or wood is a lowering of the field, leaving the unsculpted parts seemingly raised. The technique involves considerable chiselling away of the background, which is a time-consuming exercise with little artistic effect if the lowered background is left plain, as is often the case. On the other hand, a relief saves forming the rear of a subject, and is less fragile and more securely fixed than a sculpture in the round, especially one of a standing figure where the ankles are a potential weak point, especially in stone. In other materials such as metal, clay, plaster stucco, ceramics or papier-mache the form can be just added to or raised up from the background, and monumental bronze reliefs are made by casting.
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Some articles on relief:
... Notable examples of monumental reliefs include Ancient Egypt Most Egyptian temples, e.g ... Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III Ancient Persia Persepolis, and rock-face reliefs at Naqsh-e Rustam and Naqsh-e Rajab Ancient Greece The Parthenon Marbles, Bassae Frieze, Great Altar of Pergamon, Ludovisi Throne ...
... Governor John Adair, a Relief Party supporter, urged the resistance, framing the issue as the court impeding the right of the people to self-govern ... His efforts drew a resolution against him from the anti-relief minority on November 8, 1823 ... by their defeats in the judiciary, the Relief Party turned its attention to the gubernatorial election of 1824, where they backed General Joseph Desha ...
... The western and northern shores of the lake are high (20–30 m) and rocky they are composed of such Paleozoic rocks as porphyry, tuff, granite, schist and limestone and keep traces of ancient terraces ... The southern shores near the Gulf Karashagan and Ili River are low (1–2 m) and sandy ...
... long times to collect debts, creditors turned to the courts for relief ... This ruling was so unpopular with the Relief Party that they attempted to remove him from office, but the 59–35 vote fell just short of the needed two-t ... In the case of Blair, the debt relief position was argued by George M ...
... Faults also cut across the area, the major one being the Cameroon Fault, dating from the Cretaceous Period ... The Mbang Mountains follow this fault in a rough cut toward the east ...
More definitions of "relief":
- (noun): The condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress).
Example: "He enjoyed his relief from responsibility"
- (noun): The feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced.
Example: "As he heard the news he was suddenly flooded with relief"
Synonyms: alleviation, assuagement
- (noun): Someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult).
Synonyms: stand-in, substitute, reliever, backup, backup man, fill-in
- (noun): (law) redress awarded by a court.
Example: "Was the relief supposed to be protection from future harm or compensation for past injury?"
- (noun): Aid for the aged or indigent or handicapped.
Example: "He has been on relief for many years"
- (noun): Assistance in time of difficulty.
Example: "The contributions provided some relief for the victims"
Synonyms: succor, succour, ministration
- (noun): The act of freeing a city or town that has been besieged.
Example: "He asked for troops for the relief of Atlanta"
Famous quotes containing the word relief:
“It is an old saying in the town that most any fellow with a chaw in his jaw can sit on his front porch and spit down the chimney of a neighbors house.”
—Administration in the State of Ariz, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)
“The only law was that enforced by the Creek Lighthorsemen and the U.S. deputy marshals who paid rare and brief visits; or the two volumes of common law that every man carried strapped to his thighs.”
—State of Oklahoma, U.S. relief program (1935-1943)
“This is the only wet community in a wide area, and is the rendezvous of cow hands seeking to break the monotony of chuck wagon food and range life. Friday night is the big time for local cowboys, and consequently the calaboose is called the Friday night jail.”
—Administration in the State of Texa, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)