What is genome?

  • (noun): The ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism.
    Example: "The human genome contains approximately three billion chemical base pairs"


In modern molecular biology and genetics, the genome is the entirety of an organism's hereditary information. It is encoded either in DNA or, for many types of virus, in RNA. The genome includes both the genes and the non-coding sequences of the DNA/RNA.

Read more about Genome.

Some articles on genome:

Tiling Array - Applications and Types - MeDIP-chip
... allows DNA methylation mapping and measurement across the genome ... DNA is methylated on cytosine in CG di-nucleotides in many places in the genome ... can add to the knowledge of expressed genes and also epigenetic regulation on a genome-wide level ...
Genome Evolution
... Genomes are more than the sum of an organism's genes and have traits that may be measured and studied without reference to the details of any particular genes and their ... Researchers compare traits such as chromosome number (karyotype), genome size, gene order, codon usage bias, and GC-content to determine what mechanisms could have produced the great variety ... Duplications play a major role in shaping the genome ...
Mycoplasma Laboratorium - Bacterial Genome Transplantation
... In order to propagate a synthetic genome the technique to transplant an intact whole bacterial genome into another had to be developed ... to Mycoplasma capricolum by means of isolating the genome of M ...
Anelloviridae - Genome
... The genome is not segmented and contains a single molecule of circular, negative-sense, single-stranded DNA ... The complete genome is 3000-4000 nucleotides long ...
Mycoplasma Laboratorium - Synthetic Genome
... created a strain of Mycoplasma mycoides called JCVI-syn1.0 with a synthetic genome ... Given the fact that the natural genome worked, the cause of the failed growth was an frameshift mutation in DnaA, a replication initiation factor, which, once corrected, worked and was verified ... The construction of a cell with a synthetic genome was done to test the methodology — allowing more modified genomes to be created in the future ...